Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Social Stratification

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Topics

description

Introduction of Social Stratification

Definitions of Social Stratification

definition

Morris Ginsberg: “as portions of the community, or collections of individuals, standing to each other in the relation of equality, and marked off from other portions by accepted or sanctioned standards of inferiority and superiority”. 

Oxford Dictionary: “The division of society into strata based on social position or class.”

Harry Johnson: “Social stratification is the process in which layers of persons or groups are ranked differently so that anyone stratum contains many persons or groups of roughly the same rank.”

notes

Introduction of Social Stratification:

The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a more or less enduring hierarchy of status is known as stratification. Social stratification refers to the existence of structured inequalities between groups in a society. It can be defined as the structural inequalities between different groups in a society. Sociologists use the concept of social stratification to refer to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. One has to distinguish between social differentiation or division and social stratification. Social differentiation involves the formation of horizontal social divisions whereas social stratification involves the vertical (hierarchical) ranking of social strata. In the stratified system, the strata are arranged in a vertical manner to show higher and lower levels. The term social inequality refers to the existence of socially created inequalities. A social stratification is a particular form of social inequality. It refers to the presence of distinct social groups which are ranked one above the other.

Definitions of Social Stratification:

1. Morris Ginsberg: “as portions of the community, or collections of individuals, standing to each other in the relation of equality, and marked off from other portions by accepted or sanctioned standards of inferiority and superiority”. 

2. Oxford Dictionary: “The division of society into strata based on social position or class.”

3. Harry Johnson: “Social stratification is the process in which layers of persons or groups are ranked differently so that anyone stratum contains many persons or groups of roughly the same rank.”

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