Types of Social Status




Types of Social Status:

Ralph Linton has given two types of status on the basis of given status and achieved status.

1. Ascribed status: It is assigned to a person by society. Generally, this assignment takes place at birth. It is determined on the basis of age, sex, kinship, race, etc. These determinants are biological in origin but are significant mainly because of the social meanings that they have in our culture.

2. Achieved status: It is attained by a person largely through her or his own effort. On the basis of a person’s unique talent, it is achieved. It appears in different fields in society such as politics, sports, education, and industry.

Ascribed status

Achieved status

It is based on birth.

Obtained on merit or effort by an individual

Related with an individual’s biological factors such as age, sex, and kinship relations.

An Individual’s intelligence, skill, ambition, merit, effort are the bases of this status.

Absence of mobility as it is static in nature.

It is more mobile in nature.

Less significant in modern society.

More important in modern society.

One relatable example: (Informal example for better understanding)

Person A is from a lower caste compared to Person B and thus, Person B’s ascribed status has more significance in the ancient society. But now the tables have turned, though person A’s ascribed status is lower than Person B yet he has more importance in modern society because of his skills and occupation. In modern society, your status isn’t classified on the basis of your caste, religion, gender, etc. You get what you deserve.

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