Introduction of Sociology
Contribution of Western and Indian Sociologists
- Introduction to Western Sociologists
- Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
- Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
- Karl Marx (1818-1883)
- Abdul Rahman Ibn-khaldun
- Harriet Martineau (1802 – 1876)
- Durkheims’ Theory of Suicide
- William Du Bois (1868 – 1963)
- Marxian Theory of ‘Class Conflict’
- Introduction to Indian Sociologists
- Dr. G. S. Ghurye (1893-1983)
- Dr. M. N. Srinivas (1916-1999)
- Dr. Iravati Karve (1905-1970)
Basic Concepts in Sociology
- Introduction of Society
- Definition of Society
- Characteristics of Society
- Introduction of Community
- Definition of Community
- Elements of Community
- Introduction of Social Group
- Definition of Social Group
- Characteristics of Social Group
- Types of Social Group
- Concept of Social Status
- Types of Social Status
- Concept of Social Role
- Social Role Related Concept
- Concept of Social Norms
- Types of Social Norms
- Concept of Social Institutions
- Characteristics of Social Institutions
- Concept of Family
- Functions of Family
- Forms of Family
- Twenty-first Century Families
- Concept of Marriage
- Forms of Marriage
- Family, Marriage and Kinship
- Economy and Work
- Concept of Education
- Types of Education
- Importance of Education
- Education and Social Division
Types of Social Status:
Ralph Linton has given two types of status on the basis of given status and achieved status.
1. Ascribed status: It is assigned to a person by society. Generally, this assignment takes place at birth. It is determined on the basis of age, sex, kinship, race, etc. These determinants are biological in origin but are signiﬁcant mainly because of the social meanings that they have in our culture.
2. Achieved status: It is attained by a person largely through her or his own effort. On the basis of a person’s unique talent, it is achieved. It appears in different ﬁelds in society such as politics, sports, education, and industry.
It is based on birth.
Obtained on merit or effort by an individual
Related with an individual’s biological factors such as age, sex, and kinship relations.
An Individual’s intelligence, skill, ambition, merit, effort are the bases of this status.
Absence of mobility as it is static in nature.
It is more mobile in nature.
Less significant in modern society.
More important in modern society.
One relatable example: (Informal example for better understanding)
Person A is from a lower caste compared to Person B and thus, Person B’s ascribed status has more significance in the ancient society. But now the tables have turned, though person A’s ascribed status is lower than Person B yet he has more importance in modern society because of his skills and occupation. In modern society, your status isn’t classified on the basis of your caste, religion, gender, etc. You get what you deserve.