Importance of Education




Importance of Education:

Why is education an important issue for sociologists? Key figures in Sociology like Emile Durkheim and Talcott Parsons have focussed on the important role of education for both individuals and society. The functions of education can be summed up as follows:

  1. Children coming from diverse family and community backgrounds gain an understanding of the common values and moral beliefs in society through school education. This unites a multitude of separate individuals.

  2. Through education, children learn self-discipline. They internalize the social rules that contribute to the smooth functioning of society.

  3. The education system teaches the specialized skills needed for a complex modern economy. Along with providing individuals with basic intellectual foundations, higher education institutions are also catering to this need by accrediting certain levels of knowledge and skills.

  4. Schools also instill the value of individual achievement in children. In schools, children are assessed on the basis of universal standards. Their conduct is assessed according to the yardstick of formal school rules; their achievement is measured by performance in examinations. Schools, like wider society, largely operate on a meritocratic basis. Those with ability and talent achieve their just rewards.

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