Introduction of Sociology
Contribution of Western and Indian Sociologists
- Introduction to Western Sociologists
- Abdul Rahman Ibn-khaldun
- Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
- Law of Three Stages
- Harriet Martineau (1802 – 1876)
- Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
- Durkheims’ Theory of Suicide
- William Du Bois (1868 – 1963)
- Karl Marx (1818-1883)
- Marxian Theory of ‘Class Conflict’
- Introduction to Indian Sociologists
- Dr. G. S. Ghurye (1893-1983)
- Dr. M. N. Srinivas (1916-1999)
- Dr. Iravati Karve (1905-1970)
Basic Concepts in Sociology
- Introduction of Society
- Definition of Society
- Characteristics of Society
- Introduction of Community
- Definition of Community
- Elements of Community
- Introduction of Social Group
- Definition of Social Group
- Characteristics of Social Group
- Types of Social Group
- Concept of Social Status
- Types of Social Status
- Concept of Social Role
- Social Role Related Concept
- Concept of Social Norms
- Types of Social Norms
- Concept of Social Institutions
- Characteristics of Social Institutions
- Concept of Family
- Functions of Family
- Forms of Family
- Twenty-first Century Families
- Concept of Marriage
- Forms of Marriage
- Family, Marriage and Kinship
- Economy and Work
- Concept of Education
- Types of Education
- Importance of Education
- Education and Social Division
Classification of Culture:
1. High culture: High culture refers to cultural creations that have high status. They are considered as the epitome of the highest levels of human creativity. For many, high culture is seen as aesthetically superior to other forms of culture.
Work of classical composers like Mozart, Beethoven, Bhimsen Joshi, Hariprasad Chourasia, Ravi Shankar, or the literature of Shakespeare.
2. Folk culture: Folk culture refers to the culture of ordinary people, particularly those living in pre-industrial societies. It is an authentic culture. According to Srinati, it can never aspire to be an art but its distinctiveness is accepted and respected.
Folk music, folk tales which are handed down from generation to generation; Bhangada in Punjab, Nautanki in Uttar Pradesh, and Lavani in Maharastra
3. Mass culture: If folk culture is seen as the characteristic of pre-industrial society, mass culture is a product of industrial societies. Mass culture is essentially a product of mass media.
Popular feature films, TV soap-operas, recorded pop music.
4. Popular Culture: Popular culture includes any cultural product appreciated by a large number of ordinary people (i.e. folk) with no great pretensions of cultural expertise.
mass-market films such as Star Wars, Potter series, Titanic, Chandoba.
5. Subculture: Subcultures refer to groups of people that have something in common with each other which distinguishes them from other social groups.
culture shared by religious groups, ethnic groups, youth groups.
Relatable example: Youth Group like the rap culture but mostly old Age club would like classical music. This distinguishes the two groups.
Difference between Mass culture and Popular culture is very simple. Mass culture is produced and Popular Culture is consumed. Let’s understand this with an example:
- Harry Potter is a popular culture because it has been liked by millions of people. Due to its high consumption, it is popular.
- A TV serial is a mass culture because it targets the mass. It is produced with the intention of mass consumption. Not all mass culture is popular.