Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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William Du Bois (1868 – 1963)

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William Du Bois (1868 – 1963):

William Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer, and editor who was the most important black protest leader in the United States during the first half of the 20th century. During the course of his long life, he authored many books. His study of race and racism is his most important contribution to Sociology.

Du Bois was the first Black man to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University. He articulated a cultural nationalism and encouraged the development of black literature and art and insisted that his readers must-see “Beauty in Black.

He conducted empirical research into the condition of blacks. For more than a decade he conducted approximately 2,500 in-person interviews of African-American households in Philadelphia. Based on this research he published a book titled 'The Philadelphia Negro' (1899) which is the first case study of a black community in the United States. He also extensively wrote on the extreme economic exploitation of Black workers and the division of workers on the lines of race. He also believed that blacks should develop a separate ‘group economy of producers’ and ‘consumers’ cooperatives as a weapon for fighting economic discrimination and black poverty.

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