Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Concept of Social Institutions

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Introduction of Social Institutions

Definition of Social Institutions

definition

Definition of Social Institutions:

Horton and Hunt : An institution is an organized system of relationships which embodies certain common rules and procedures and meets certain basic needs of the society.

 E. S. Bogardus : A social institution is a structure of society that is organized to meet the needs of people chiefly through well established procedures.

 H. E. Barnes : Social institutions are the social structures and machinery through which human society organizes, directs and executes the multi-farious activities required for human needs.

notes

Introduction of Social Institutions:

Sociology as a discipline is interested in understanding the mutual link between individuals and society. All our founding scholars like Comte, Durkheim, Marx, and Weber have illustrated that the specificity of the human species lies in its social nature. The fundamental element of human reality is our social existence and our mutual interrelations with each other. Society and individual are inseparable entities. Society forms through interactions between individuals, and individuals carry society within them - in the form of roles they perform, statuses they occupy, values they cherish, and norms that they follow.
To explain the mutual relation between individual and society, sociologists use a fundamental concept of social institutions. Social institutions are important components of society. Society is comprised of various social institutions like family, marriage, education, religion, state, mass media, law, and economy. Individuals interact with each other as members of these institutions.

Definition of Social Institutions:

Horton and Hunt: An institution is an organized system of relationships which embodies certain common rules and procedures and meets certain basic needs of the society.

 E. S. Bogardus: A social institution is a structure of society that is organized to meet the needs of people chiefly through well established procedures.

 H. E. Barnes: Social institutions are the social structures and machinery through which human society organizes, directs, and executes the multi-farious activities required for human needs.

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