Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 11th
Advertisement Remove all ads

Concept of Culture

Advertisement Remove all ads

Topics

definition

Edward Tylor: “Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.”

Oxford Dictionary: “The ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.”

Bronislaw Malinowski: “Culture is the expression of our nature in our modes of living and thinking our everyday intercourse, in art, in literature, in religion, in recreation, and in enjoyment.”

notes

Concept of Culture:

The concept of culture is complicated and vague. The word culture has been used in a number of different ways both, by sociologists and in everyday conversation. The culture was popularly defined as the whole way of life found in a particular society. Culture is learned and shared by members of society. What distinguishes humans from non-humans is the possession of culture.

The term ‘culture’ was first used by Edward Tylor in 1871. The word culture is derived from the Latin word ‘culture’. The meaning of culture is ‘growing’, ‘cultivation’. Therefore, when the word culture is used in our everyday conversation we tend to think of it as equivalent to the higher or refined things of the mind or of life viz; art, music, philosophy, etc.

Definition of Culture:

Edward Tylor: “Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.”

Oxford Dictionary: “The ideas, customs, and social behaviour of a particular people or society.”

Bronislaw Malinowski: “Culture is the expression of our nature in our modes of living and thinking our everyday intercourse, in art, in literature, in religion, in recreation, and in enjoyment.”

From the above definitions, it is clear that the term culture is used in a particular sense that is different from its everyday usage. Thus in Sociology, culture is...

  1. A way of thinking, feeling, believing
  2. The total way of life of people
  3. Learned behaviour
  4. The social legacy the individual acquired from one’s group
  5. A mechanism for normative regulation of behaviour.
If you would like to contribute notes or other learning material, please submit them using the button below.
Advertisement Remove all ads
Share
Notifications

View all notifications


      Forgot password?
View in app×