Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Nature of Sociology

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definition

Empiricism: Empiricism is the philosophical doctrine that all human knowledge is derived from experience.

notes

Nature of Sociology:

1. Sociology is an empirical science: Sociology studies and analyses social facts on the basis of the scientific method. It is not based only on ‘arm-chair’ philosophy, or speculation. Rules are framed in Sociology with the help of observation and experiences. Sociology holds that empiricism is its central feature as a science.

2. Sociology is a theoretical and applied science: There are a systematic development and formulation of sociological theory. The verification of already existing theories and the formulation of new theories is a constant process in Sociology. Hence, it was known as ‘pure science.’ However, today we can not call Sociology only as pure science since many branches of Sociology are based on the application of sociological knowledge to the field. Hence, it is ‘pure’ as well as an ‘applied’ social science.

3. Sociology is a factual science: The aim of Sociology is to find out the reality of society. Sociology understands society ‘as it is.’ It confines itself to ‘what is’, and not, ‘what should be’ or ‘what ought to be’ e.g. Sociology studies the constructive part and destructive elements in society, moral and immoral, organised and disorganised aspects of society.

4. Sociology is a holistic science: Sociology studies society as a whole. It does not limit itself to the study of any specific or particular aspect of society; rather, it studies all aspects of social life.

text

Empiricism: Empiricism is the philosophical doctrine that all human knowledge is derived from experience. Empiricism holds that knowledge is based on the actual experience of the researcher.

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