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Concept of Sociology

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definition

Auguste Comte: “Sociology is the science of social order and progress”.

George Simmel: “Sociology, is the science of the forms of human interrelations”.

Oxford Dictionary: Sociology is “the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society”.

notes

Sociology:

The French philosopher Auguste Comte is considered to be the ‘Father of Sociology’. He is accredited with coining the term Sociology, in 1839. He wrote the book ‘Positive Philosophy’ and in its fourth volume, he mentioned for the first time, the word ‘Sociology’.

Sociology is composed of two different words; a Latin word ‘Socius’ meaning companion or associate and which eventually was referred to as a society, and a Greek word ‘Logos’ meaning science or study. The etymological meaning of Sociology is thus ‘the science of society’. Previously Comte termed this science as ‘social physics.’ Later on, it popularly came to be known as Sociology. He found the need for new science to study social phenomena from a scientific approach.

Definition:

Auguste Comte: “Sociology is the science of social order and progress”.

George Simmel: “Sociology, is the science of the forms of human interrelations”.

Oxford Dictionary: Sociology is “the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society”.

When we analyse these definitions we come to know that most sociologists have emphasised social relations and social events as the subject matter of sociology. There is no consensus among sociologists regarding one common definition because of the complexity of the subject and subject matter. However, these definitions indicate three major points:

(i) They emphasise the scientific nature of Sociology.

(ii) They stress on the relationship between human beings and society.

(iii) It is clear that Sociology is a complex social science which differs from all other social sciences.

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