Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Types of Education

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notes

Types of Education:

1. Formal Education:

Formal education is planned with a specific end in view. In this way, it involves direct schooling and instruction. Since it is provided to fulfill specific ends, formal education is limited to a specific period. Formal education has a well-defined and systematic curriculum. The curriculum is based on aims designed according to the needs of society.

Example: Schools, Colleges, the standard 10+2+3 system, etc

2. Informal Education:

Informal education is a process by which an individual imbibes attitudes, develops skills, cultivates values, and acquires knowledge without any systematic organization. Informal education involves efforts by parents and elders to help the young ones to adapt to the environment. There is no fixed curriculum, time-table, or deliberate agency to impart informal education. In this sense, informal education is a continuous process and would include all incidental and spontaneous learning through various possibilities such as work experience, travel, or mass media.

Example: manners, ethics and etiquettes, etc

3. Non-formal Education:

It takes place outside the realm of formal education. But, it is not totally spontaneous and unstructured as informal education. Non-formal education refers to any systematic educational activity carried outside the framework of the established formal system. Non-formal education is designed to serve the learning needs of an identified, homogenous group. Since it is consciously designed and implemented, non-formal education requires flexibility in the design of the curriculum and scheme of evaluation.

Example: Gurukul system, schools of Buddhism, etc.

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