Maharashtra State BoardHSC Science (General) 11th
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Definition of Society

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definition

MacIver and Page: “Society is a system of usages and procedures, of authority and mutual aid, of many groupings and divisions of controls of human behaviour and of liberties.

Oxford Dictionary: “The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community”

Morris Ginsberg: “A society is a collection of individuals united by certain relations or mode of behaviour which mark them off from others who do not enter into these relations or differ from them in behaviour.”

notes

Definition of Society:

MacIver and Page: “Society is a system of usages and procedures, of authority and mutual aid, of many groupings and divisions of controls of human behaviour and of liberties.

Oxford Dictionary: “The aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community”

Morris Ginsberg: “A society is a collection of individuals united by certain relations or mode of behaviour which mark them off from others who do not enter into these relations or differ from them in behaviour.”

Sociologists feel that the most important component of society is social relationships among people. Society, therefore, is defined as a system of social relationships. Not every relationship is social. For a relationship to be social, certain conditions must exist:

i) The condition of mutual awareness: The persons involved in the social relationship must be aware or conscious of each other.

ii) There must be some form of reciprocity: Reciprocity should be between the individuals concerned. For example, two people running in the opposite direction are aware of each other. The first condition of mutual awareness for a social relationship is satisfied. When one of them greets each other and the other response, the second condition of reciprocity is also met and a social relationship is said to exist between the two. It is not necessary that the reciprocity is positive or friendly; it can also be conflicting.

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