Types of Sports




Types of Sports:

A. Indoor Games: 

  • Indoor games and sports are a variety of structured games or competitive physical exercises, typically carried out either at home, in a well-sheltered building, or in a specially constructed sports venue such as a gym, a natatorium (a swimming pool, especially one that is indoors), an arena or a roofed stadium. 
  • They include chess, card games, games played with gamesmen and dice, carrom, etc
  • Kachkavadya or Chaukabara, or as Indian Ludo Sagargote played with a bunch of seeds or stones, is usually played by girls.
  • Bhatukali (playing house) is usually played by girls. However, all the members of the family can also participate in it, especially in the mock wedding of a girl doll and a boy doll. 



B. Outdoor games:

1. Indian Sports:

  • The games which have their origin in India and are deep-rooted in Indian culture are called indigenous games.
  • Langadi, Kabaddi, Atyapatya, Kho-kho, and other games are played in India.
  • Marbles, Lagori, Vitti-Dandu or Gilli-Danda, Bhingari (whorls), Bhovare (tops), Phugadi, and Zimma are among the most famous Indian games.



2. International Games:

  • The international games include Badminton, Table Tennis, Hockey, Cricket, Football, Golf, Polo, etc.



Other Outdoor Game based on category:

  • Athletic: 100 meters, 200 meters, Marathon, obstacle race.
  • Based on physical skills: Shot put, discus throw, long jump, high jump. 
  • Water sports: Swimming competitions, water polo, rowing   
  • Acrobatics games: Mallakhamb, rope mallakhamb, gymnastics.

C. Adventurous games:  

  • Popular sports like ice skating, skiing, ice hockey, etc. require strong balancing skills
  • Other adventurous games exist, such as those involving rock climbing, paragliding, and vehicle and motorcycle racing.


    Rock Climbing

D. Different sports based on competitions: 

  • Additionally, large-scale international championships are organized for a variety of other sports including hockey, wrestling, chess, etc.
  • Cricket and hockey are very popular sports in India.
  • Our national game is hockey. All of these games have competitions that are held at the local, city, taluka, district, state, national, and international levels.
  • Professional opportunities are favorable for athletes that excel in regional, national, and worldwide contests. 
  • Sports competitions of all kinds are regular phenomenon worldwide. Sports tournaments including the Olympics, Asian Games, Special Olympics for people with disabilities, Paralympics, Cricket World Cup, etc. are often held.


Daily schedule of Indian warrior:

BookGanga - Creation | Publication | Distribution

  • According to Manisha Bathe, Balambhat Deodhar, Peshwa Bajirao II's physical trainer, created Mallakhamb and its many strategies.
  • She also adds that Balambhat drew inspiration from seeing monkeys play and jump from trees.

Lakshmibai, the Queen of Jhansi

Lakshmibai, the Queen of Jhansi, had a daily schedule:

‘Her highness enjoyed working out a lot. She used to get up early, work out for an hour i.e., two ghatikas on the Mallakhamb, then go for rounds on horseback and an extended elephant ride. She would have khurak (a diet designed to increase physical strength) and milk after two hours i.e., four ghatikas in the early morning. She then took a bath.'


 Major Dhyan Chand

Major Dhyan Chand:

  • The Indian hockey team was captained by Major Dhyan Chand, a skilled hockey player.
  • Under his leadership, the Indian Hockey team earned a Gold Medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.
  • Additionally, he was a member of the earlier Indian hockey squads in 1928 and 1932 that competed at the Olympics and took home gold.
  • In India, Dhyan Chand's birthday, August 29, is recognized as National Sports Day. 
  • He earned the title 'Wizard of Hockey.'
  • In 1956, he received the 'Padmabhushan' award.
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