Some Famous Museums

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Notes

Museums: 

  • A museum is a building or organization that houses and shows a collection of remains and other items with artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific significance.   
  • These artefacts are displayed in several public museums as temporary or permanent displays that are open to the public.   
  • While there are hundreds of regional museums spread over smaller cities, villages, and rural regions, the largest museums are found in the world's main cities.  
  • The objectives of museums might range from collection, preservation, and documentation to serve scholars and experts to engage with the general public.  
  • Supporting researchers is designed to benefit the public as well as benefit mankind. 
  • There are many different kinds of museums, including those devoted to art, natural history, science, war, and children.  
  • In 202 nations, there are more than 55,000 museums, according to the International Council of Museums (ICOM). 
  • The valuables gathered by members of royal and wealthy families in medieval Europe were organized and managed by museums. 

Some Famous Museums:

Museum  Details 

Monalisa Painting

1. Louvre Museum:

  • Location: Paris  
  • Established in: 18th Century C.E.
  • The Louvre Museum displayed antiquities collected by members of the royal family. 
  • It features the world-renowned artist Leonardo da Vinci's famous artwork 'Monalisa.' In the 16th century, he worked under the patronage of Francis I, King of France. 
  • The Louvre museum's collection grew significantly as a result of the treasures brought back from Napoleon Bonaparte's conquests. 
  • The museum currently houses over 3 lakh and 80 thousand artefacts. 

British Museum

2. British Museum:

  • Location: London 
  • Established in: 18th Century C.E.
  • The monarch of England, George II, received around 71 thousand artefacts from natural scientist Sir Hans Sloan.
  • It had a number of publications, images, herbarium (specimens of preserved plants), etc.
  • Later, the collection was enlarged with the inclusion of numerous artworks and antiquity artefacts that the British people had gathered from British territories.
  • Current status: 80 lakh objects 

National Museum of Natural History

3. National Museum of Natural History:

  • Location:  Washington, D.C. 
  • Established in: 1846  
  • Managed by the Smithsonian Institution 
  • It has more than 12 crores (120 million) specimens of fossilised remains of plant and animal, minerals, rocks, human artefacts, and human fossils.

Museums in India: 

  1. The 'Asiatic Society of Bengal' founded the first museum in India, the 'Indian Museum,' in Kolkata in 1814 C.E. The 'Government Museum,' India's second museum, was founded in Chennai in 1851 C.E. The 'National Museum' was founded in 1949 in Delhi. There are currently multiple museums in various Indian states. 
  2. Large museums typically have their own archives and libraries. Some museums have university affiliations. Museology courses are also available at such museums. 

Famous Museums in India:  

  • Indian Museum, Kolkata;  
  • National Museum, Delhi;  
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastusangrahalay, Mumbai;  
  • Salarjang Museum, Hyderabad;  
  • The Calico Museum of Textiles, Ahmedabad. 

Institutes which offer degree and diploma courses in Museology: 

  • National Museum, Delhi 
  • Maharaj Sayajirao University, Vadodara 
  • Kolkata University, Kolkata 
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 
  • Jivaji University, Gwalior 

Chhatrapti Shivaji Maharaj Vastusangrahalay:

Chhatrapti Shivaji Maharaj Vastusangrahalay 

  • A museum was founded in Mumbai in 1904 C.E. by a group of important locals as a way to remember the Prince of Wales's visit to the country.  
  • The museum building's foundation was established in the month of November 1905 CE.  
  • The 'Prince of Wales Museum of Western India' was chosen as the museum's name. In 1998 C.E., it was called 'Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastusangrahalay.' 
  • The museum's structure was constructed in an Indo-Gothic design.  
  • In Mumbai, it has been accorded the designation of Grade I Heritage Building. 
  • The museum has roughly 50,000 artefacts in three categories: natural history, archaeology, and arts.
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