Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 7th Standard

Election Commission

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Notes

Election Commission 

  • Elections in our country are overseen by an independent and powerful Election Commission (EC). The Election Commission is crucial to the electoral process in India.  
  • This independent body, composed of a Chief Election Commissioner and two other commissioners, was formed under Article 324 of the Indian Constitution. 
  • It has the same level of independence as the judiciary. The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC). The Chief Election Commissioner, however, is not accountable to the President or the government once appointed. Even if the ruling party or government does not agree with the Commission's actions, it is nearly impossible to remove the CEC.  
  • The costs related to the Election Commission are covered separately. 
  • There is no separate staff to perform the functions of the Election Commission. The Election Commission is helped by government officers, teachers, and other employees to execute the process of elections.  
  • From the announcement of elections to the declaration of results, the EC makes decisions on all aspects of election conduct and control. 
  • It enforces the Code of Conduct and punishes any candidate or political party who violates it. 
  • During the election period, the EC has the authority to order the government to follow certain guidelines, to prevent the use and abuse of governmental power in order to increase its chances of winning elections or to transfer some government officials.
  • When on election duty, government officers report to the EC rather than the government.

In the last 25 years or so, the Election Commission has begun to exercise and even expand its powers. It is now very common for the Election Commission to reprimand the government and administration for mistakes. When election officials believe that polling in some booths, or even an entire constituency, was unfair, they order re-election. The ruling parties often do not like what the EC does. They must, however, obey. This would not have occurred if the EC had not been independent and powerful. 

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Do You Know?

Sukumar Sen

  • After independence, the first chief election commissioner was Sukumar Sen.
  • He was selected for Indian Civil Services under British rule in 1921.
  • In 1950 when Election Commission came into existence, he was given the charge of the Election Commissioner. In extreme adverse conditions, Mr. Sen efficiently handled the responsibility of the Election Commission.  

National Voters’ Day

To create awareness among voters a special campaign is run for voter registration. National Voters’ Day is celebrated on 25th January every year since 2011. The Election commission was established on this day in 1950.  

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