Maharashtra State BoardSSC (English Medium) 9th Standard
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Types of Tourism

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notes

Types of Tourism 

  • Today's tourist industry works independently on a local, interstate, national, and worldwide scale.  
  • Tourism is encouraged by the desire to visit local and worldwide landmarks, historic locations, stunning natural areas, historic handicraft centres, pilgrimage sites, commercial centres, and other locations.  
  • Visitors from all over the world are drawn to natural and man-made places because they provide an enjoyable and breathtaking experience.  
  • Snow-capped peaks, beaches, and pure jungles-places that were previously ignored-became popular tourist destinations.  
  • Special audio-visual presentations by the mass media that showcase tourist attractions have started.  

1. Local and Interstate Tourism: 

  • Tourism that only takes place within a specific nation's borders is known as Local and Interstate tourism. It is also known as 'Domestic Tourism'.
  • It is not extremely demanding. We may schedule it for a time that works for us.
  • It doesn't lead to issues with language, getting money, or getting paperwork.

2. International Tourism: 

  • Cross-border travel is considered international travel.
  • For international travel, a variety of formal documents are required.
  • Because there are now so many options for train, sea, and air transportation, travelling has been easier nowadays.   
  • The number of individuals travelling back and forth from India has significantly grown as a result of the Indian government's economic liberalisation programme.  
  • They include those who travel for work-related purposes (meetings, agreements, etc.), enjoyment, sightseeing, filming, and academic purposes.  

3. Historical Tourism:  

  • Travelling primarily for the aim of learning about a place's history and heritage is known as historical or heritage tourism.
  • In this connection, it should be recalled that renowned Marathi author Gopal Neelkanth Dandekar used to organise trekking trips to Maharashtra forts in order to study the locations of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his achievements.  
  • Additionally, tours are organised to significant historical locations in India, including Rajasthani forts, the ashrams of Mahatma Gandhi and Acharya Vinoba Bhave, major locations connected to the 1857 Indian War of Independence, etc. 

5. Religious Tourism:  

  • There are people from many different religious communities all around the world. 
  • They are indeed united by their mythical traditions and the locations connected to those stories. 
  • This sparks an interest in visiting particular locations and gives rise to religious tourism. 
  •  The structures carried out by Ahilyabai Holkar using her own money are remarkable in this regard. 
  • Ahalyabai wants to offer the best amenities along the Chardham Yatra and Bara Jyotirlinga pilgrimage routes. 

Golden Temple

6. Geographic Tourism:                            

  • This kind of tourism is travelling to locations to view special geographic features of an area.  
  • It comprises a number of parks and wildlife sanctuaries, locations like the Valley of Flowers in Uttarakhand, a number of beaches, and unusual geological wonders like the Lonar Crater Lake and the Ranjankhalage (naturally formed rock caverns) at Nighoj in Maharashtra.  
  • To satisfy their curiosity, many travellers like visiting these locations. 

Valley of flowers

7. Health Tourism: 

  • The healthcare facilities and services in India are significantly less costly and of high quality than those in western nations. 
  • As a result, many foreigners choose to travel to India to use healthcare facilities and services. 
  •  India, a tropical nation, receives enough sunshine all year round. As a result, cold-weather tourists are drawn to India. 
  • One further incentive to wish to travel to India is the availability of facilities for yoga instruction and Ayurvedic remedies. 

 8. Agro-Tourism : 

  • Agrotourism, commonly referred to as agritourism, is fast growing and is aimed mostly at the urban population, who has limited exposure to rural life and agriculture. 
  • Farmers from India are now travelling to far-off locations like agricultural research facilities, colleges, and nations like Israel where experiments in cutting-edge agricultural technology are being conducted. 

9. Sports Tourism:  

  • The 20th century saw the development of sports tourism. 
  • International sporting events like the Olympics, Wimbledon, the World Chess Championship, and international cricket competitions are all organised. 
  • On a national level, there are competitions like the Himalayan Car Rally and competitions like the Maharashtra Kesari.  
  • State-level wrestling tournaments are organised. 
  • Travelling for such events is referred to as sports tourism. 

10. Tourism based on Special Events: 

  • People love to travel, and they frequently search for different reasons for doing so.  
  • Such events are frequently held in the twenty-first century and aid in promoting travel.  
  • These unique events include things like film festivals, numerous seminars and conferences, international book displays, etc.  
  • People frequently travel to other locations to attend these unique events. 
  • Every year, a large number of book lovers from Maharashtra go to attend the 'Akhil Bhartiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan' (Pan Indian Marathi Literary Convention).
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