Tourism in the Past

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Notes

Tourism: 

Tourism is the act of travelling for a specific reason to locations in other countries. Tourism refers to enjoyment and adventure travel. It includes activities like camping and sightseeing. Tourists are people who travel for happiness. Resorts are frequently referred to be locations where plenty of visitors stay. Tourist destinations are locations where tourists travel to. 

Tourism in the Past:

  • In India, travel is a very old tradition.
  • People used to travel for a variety of purposes, such as trade, pilgrimages, visits to local fairs and festivals, looking for a reputable teacher and a quality education, and so forth.
  • In a nutshell, people have travelled since ancient times for a variety of reasons.
  • According to Buddhist literature, Gautam Buddha travelled to several cities in ancient India to teach. Buddhism's monks were instructed to travel to many locations rather than to stay in one area. Sadhus and Jain monks used to travel a lot as well.
  • Monk Yuan Shwang from China visited India around 630 CE.
  • Saint Namdev, Guru Nanak, Ramdas Swami, and Eknath all made significant tours of India in the middle ages.

Travellers from Past

Benjamin 

1. Benjamin (1130 - 1173):

  • Belonged to: Tudela, Spain  
  • First European traveler/discoverer 
  • He visited France, Germany, Italy, Greece, Syria, Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Persia, India, and China between 1159 and 1173 C.E. 
  • Maintained diaries of the accounts of his travels 
  • His diaries are an important historical document

 Marco Polo 

2. Marco Polo (1254 - 1324):

  • Belonged to: Italy  
  • 13th-century traveler 
  • Introduced Asia, especially China to Europe. 
  • Stayed in China for 17 years 
  • Wrote about the flora and fauna, social life, culture, and trade systems of Asia. 

Ibn Battuta 

3. Ibn Battuta (1304 - 1369):

  • Belonged to: Morocco 
  • 14th Century traveler  
  • Was traveling for 30 years 
  • He had vowed not to travel twice on the same route  
  • His accounts are helpful in understanding medieval history and social life. 
  • Took the world on a virtual trip to the Islamic world with his travel accounts

Gerardus Mercator 

4. Gerardus Mercator (1512 - 1594): 

  • Belonged to: Belgium 
  • Cartographer (a person who draws or makes maps) 
  • Created a world map and the globe of the Earth.  
  • His study turned out to be extremely helpful for global mapping. 

Thomas cook

5. Thomas cook:

  • The Father of Tourism
  • He organized a trip by railway from Leicester to Loughborough for about
    600 people.
  • He eventually succeeded in planning a round-trip to Europe.
  • He eventually started a travel company that sold tickets for tourists.
  • Thomas Cook's early business enterprise paved the way for the expansion of modern tourism.

Vishnubhat Godse

6. Vishnubhat Godse:

  • The chronicles of Vishnubhat Godase's journey from Maharashtra to Ayodhya and return were recorded.
  • It is released as a book with the title "Maza Pravas" (My Journey).
  • During the 1857 Indian War of Independence, Vishnubhat travelled.
  • He witnessed numerous incidents connected to this historical event firsthand.
  • His memoirs are replete with in-depth descriptions of numerous events that occurred during this time, particularly those pertaining to Lakshmibai, the queen of Jhansi.
  • We also learn more about the characteristics of the 18th-century Marathi language.
  • One of the key sources for that era's history is the book.
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