Linear Equations in Two Variables
Introduction to Euclid’S Geometry
Lines and Angles
- Concept of Quadrilaterals - Sides, Adjacent Sides, Opposite Sides, Angle, Adjacent Angles and Opposite Angles
- Angle Sum Property of a Quadrilateral
- Types of Quadrilaterals
- Another Condition for a Quadrilateral to Be a Parallelogram
- Theorem of Midpoints of Two Sides of a Triangle
- Property: The Opposite Sides of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Length.
- Theorem: A Diagonal of a Parallelogram Divides It into Two Congruent Triangles.
- Theorem : If Each Pair of Opposite Sides of a Quadrilateral is Equal, Then It is a Parallelogram.
- Property: The Opposite Angles of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Measure.
- Theorem: If in a Quadrilateral, Each Pair of Opposite Angles is Equal, Then It is a Parallelogram.
- Property: The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. (at the point of their intersection)
- Theorem : If the Diagonals of a Quadrilateral Bisect Each Other, Then It is a Parallelogram
- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles
- Angle Subtended by a Chord at a Point
- Perpendicular from the Centre to a Chord
- Circles Passing Through One, Two, Three Points
- Equal Chords and Their Distances from the Centre
- Angle Subtended by an Arc of a Circle
- Cyclic Quadrilateral
Areas - Heron’S Formula
Surface Areas and Volumes
Statistics and Probability
Theorem: A diagonal of a parallelogram divides it into two congruent triangles.
Proof : Let ABCD be a parallelogram and AC be a diagonal in following fig.
Observe that the diagonal AC divides parallelogram ABCD into two triangles, namely, ∆ ABC and ∆ CDA. We need to prove that these triangles are congruent.
In ∆ ABC and ∆ CDA, note that BC || AD and AC is a transversal.
So, ∠ BCA = ∠ DAC (Pair of alternate angles)
Also, AB || DC and AC is a transversal.
So, ∠ BAC = ∠ DCA (Pair of alternate angles)
and AC = CA (Common)
So, ∆ ABC ≅ ∆ CDA (ASA rule)
or, diagonal AC divides parallelogram ABCD into two congruent triangles ABC and CDA.
Now, measure the opposite sides of parallelogram ABCD.
You will find that AB = DC and AD = BC.
Shaalaa.com | Theorem - Diagonal divides parallelogram into two congruent triangles
In the given figure, ∠A = 64°, ∠ABC = 58°. If BO and CO are the bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACB respectively of ΔABC, find x° and y°
In the given Figure, if AB = 2, BC = 6, AE = 6, BF = 8, CE = 7, and CF = 7, compute the ratio of the area of quadrilateral ABDE to the area of ΔCDF. (Use congruent property of triangles)
- Properties of a Parallelogram - Property: The Opposite Angles of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Measure.
- Properties of a Parallelogram - Property: The Opposite Sides of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Length.