Errors in Measurements

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  • Types of errors in measurement:
  1. Systematic errors
     (i) Instrumental errors
    (ii) Error due to imperfection in experimental technique
    (iii) Procedural errors
    (iv) Personal errors
  2. Random errors
  3. Least count error
  4. Absolute error
  5. Mean absolute error
  6. Relative error or fractional error
  7. Percentage error
  8. Combination of percentage errors
    (a) Error of a sum or a difference
    (b) Error of a product or a quotient
    (c) Error in case of a measured quantity raised to a power
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