#### Topics

##### Similarity

- Similarity of Triangles
- Properties of Ratios of Areas of Two Triangles
- Basic Proportionality Theorem (Thales Theorem)
- Converse of Basic Proportionality Theorem
- Property of an Angle Bisector of a Triangle
- Property of Three Parallel Lines and Their Transversals
- Similar Triangles
- Criteria for Similarity of Triangles
- Areas of Similar Triangles

##### Pythagoras Theorem

- Pythagoras Theorem
- Pythagorean Triplet
- Property of 30°- 60°- 90° Triangle Theorem
- Property of 45°- 45°- 90° Triangle Theorem
- Similarity in Right Angled Triangles
- Theorem of Geometric Mean
- Right-angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property
- Converse of Pythagoras Theorem
- Application of Pythagoras Theorem in Acute Angle and Obtuse Angle
- Apollonius Theorem

##### Circle

- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles
- Circles Passing Through One, Two, Three Points
- Secant and Tangent
- Tangent to a Circle
- Converse of Tangent Theorem
- Tangent Segment Theorem
- Touching Circles
- Theorem of Touching Circles
- Tangent Properties - If Two Circles Touch, the Point of Contact Lies on the Straight Line Joining Their Centers
- Introduction to an Arc
- Congruence of Arcs
- Property of Sum of Measures of Arcs
- Inscribed Angle
- Intercepted Arc
- Inscribed Angle Theorem
- Corollaries of Inscribed Angle Theorem
- Cyclic Quadrilateral
- Theorem: Opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral are supplementary.
- Corollary of Cyclic Quadrilateral Theorem
- Converse: If a Pair of Opposite Angles of a Quadrilateral is Supplementary, Then the Quadrilateral is Cyclic.
- Converse of Cyclic Quadrilateral Theorem
- Theorem of Angle Between Tangent and Secant
- Converse of Theorem of the Angle Between Tangent and Secant
- Theorem of Internal Division of Chords
- Theorem of External Division of Chords
- Tangent Secant Segments Theorem
- Tangent - Secant Theorem
- Angle Subtended by the Arc to the Point on the Circle
- Angle Subtended by the Arc to the Centre
- Number of Tangents from a Point on a Circle

##### Geometric Constructions

- Basic Geometric Constructions
- Division of a Line Segment
- Construction of Similar Triangle
- Construction of a Tangent to the Circle at a Point on the Circle
- To Construct Tangents to a Circle from a Point Outside the Circle.

##### Co-ordinate Geometry

- Coordinate Geometry
- Distance Formula
- Intercepts Made by a Line
- Division of a Line Segment
- Section Formula
- The Mid-point of a Line Segment (Mid-point Formula)
- Centroid Formula
- Slope of a Line
- General Equation of a Line
- Standard Forms of Equation of a Line

##### Trigonometry

##### Mensuration

- Conversion of Solid from One Shape to Another
- Euler's Formula
- Concept of Surface Area, Volume, and Capacity
- Surface Area and Volume of Three Dimensional Figures
- Surface Area and Volume of Different Combination of Solid Figures
- Frustum of a Cone
- Sector of a Circle
- Area of a Sector of a Circle
- Length of an Arc
- Segment of a Circle
- Area of a Segment
- Circumference of a Circle
- Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle

## Notes

A quadrilateral ABCD is called cyclic if all the four vertices of it lie on a circle in fig. A quadrilateral is said to be a cyclic quadrilateral, if there is a circle passing through all its four vertices.

`=>`∠A + ∠C = 180°

also ∠B + ∠D = 180°.

## Theorem

**Theorem:** The sum of either pair of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180º. **Given :** A cyclic quadrilateral ABCD . **To Prove :** ∠BAD + ∠BCD = ∠ABC + ∠ADC = 180º. **Construction :** Draw AC and DB.**Proof :** ∠ACB = ∠ ADB and

∠BAC = ∠BDC [Angles in the same segment]

`therefore` ∠ACB + ∠BAC = ∠ADB +∠BDC = ∠ADC

Adding ∠ABC on both the sides, we get

∠ACB + ∠BAC +∠ABC = ∠ADC +∠ABC

But ∠ACB +∠BAC +∠ABC = 180º. [sum of the angles of a triangle]

`therefore` ∠ ADC + ∠ABC =180º.

`therefore` ∠BAD +∠BCD = 360º - (∠ADC + ∠ABC) = 180º.

Hence proved.**Theorem:** If the sum of a pair of opposite angles of a quadrilateral is 180º, the quadrilateral is cyclic.

#### Video Tutorials

#### Shaalaa.com | Circles Theorem: Cyclic quadrilateral

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