#### definition

The angle between two planes is defined as the angle between their normals Fig,

#### notes

Observe that if θ is an angle between the two planes, then so is 180 – θ Fig.

If `vec n _1` and `vec n_2` are normals to the planes and θ be the angle between the planes

`vec r . vec n _1 = d_1` and `vec r . vec n _2 = d_2` .

Then θ is the angle between the normals to the planes drawn from some common point We have

cos θ = `|(vec n_1 . vec n_2)/ (|vec n _1| |vec n_2|)|`

**Cartesian form**

Let θ be the angle between the planes,

`A_1x + B_1y +C_1z + D_1 = 0` and `A_2x +B_2y + C_2 z + D_2 = 0`

The direction ratios of the normal to the planes are `A_1, B_1, C_1` and `A_2, B_2, C_2` respectively.

Therefore , cos θ = `|(A_1 A_2 + B_1 B_2 + C_1 C_2)/ (sqrt(A_1^2 + B_1^2 + C_1^2 ) sqrt (A_2^2 + B_2^2 +C_2^2))|`