Topics
Rational Numbers
 Concept of Rational Numbers
 Closure Property of Rational Numbers
 Commutativity Property of Rational Numbers
 Associativity of Rational Numbers
 Distributivity of Multiplication Over Addition for Rational
 Identity of Addition and Multiplication
 Negative of a Number
 Additive Inverse of Rational Number
 Rational Numbers on a Number Line
 Rational Numbers Between Two Rational Numbers
Linear Equations in One Variable
 The Idea of a Variable
 Expressions with Variables
 Concept of Equation
 Balancing an Equation
 The Solution of an Equation
 Linear Equation in One Variable
 Solving Equations Which Have Linear Expressions on One Side and Numbers on the Other Side
 Some Applications Solving Equations Which Have Linear Expressions on One Side and Numbers on the Other Side
 Solving Equations Having the Variable on Both Sides
 Some More Applications on the Basis of Solving Equations Having the Variable on Both Sides
 Reducing Equations to Simpler Form
 Equations Reducible to the Linear Form
Understanding Quadrilaterals
 Concept of Curves
 Different Types of Curves  Closed Curve, Open Curve, Simple Curve.
 Concept of Polygons  Side, Vertex, Adjacent Sides, Adjacent Vertices and Diagonal
 Classification of Polygons  Regular Polygon, Irregular Polygon, Convex Polygon, Concave Polygon, Simple Polygon and Complex Polygon
 Angle Sum Property of a Quadrilateral
 Interior Angles of a Polygon
 Exterior Angles of a Polygon and Its Property
 Concept of Quadrilaterals  Sides, Adjacent Sides, Opposite Sides, Angle, Adjacent Angles and Opposite Angles
 Properties of Trapezium
 Properties of Kite
 Properties of a Parallelogram
 Properties of Rhombus
 Property: The Opposite Sides of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Length.
 Property: The Opposite Angles of a Parallelogram Are of Equal Measure.
 Property: The adjacent angles in a parallelogram are supplementary.
 Property: The diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other. (at the point of their intersection)
 Property: The diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular bisectors of one another.
 Property: The Diagonals of a Rectangle Are of Equal Length.
 Properties of Rectangle
 Properties of a Square
 Property: The diagonals of a square are perpendicular bisectors of each other.
Practical Geometry
 Introduction to Practical Geometry
 Constructing a Quadrilateral When the Lengths of Four Sides and a Diagonal Are Given
 Constructing a Quadrilateral When Two Diagonals and Three Sides Are Given
 Constructing a Quadrilateral When Two Adjacent Sides and Three Angles Are Known
 Constructing a Quadrilateral When Three Sides and Two Included Angles Are Given
 Some Special Cases
Data Handling
 Concept of Data Handling
 Interpretation of a Pictograph
 Interpretation of Bar Graphs
 Drawing a Bar Graph
 Interpretation of a Double Bar Graph
 Drawing a Double Bar Graph
 Organisation of Data
 Frequency Distribution Table
 Graphical Representation of Data as Histograms
 Concept of Pie Graph (Or a Circlegraph)
 Interpretation of Pie Diagram
 Chance and Probability  Chance
 Basic Ideas of Probability
Squares and Square Roots
 Concept of Square Number
 Properties of Square Numbers
 Some More Interesting Patterns of Square Number
 Finding the Square of a Number
 Concept of Square Roots
 Finding Square Root Through Repeated Subtraction
 Finding Square Root Through Prime Factorisation
 Finding Square Root by Division Method
 Square Root of Decimal Numbers
 Estimating Square Root
Cubes and Cube Roots
Comparing Quantities
 Concept of Ratio
 Concept of Percent and Percentage
 Increase Or Decrease as Percent
 Concept of Discount
 Estimation in Percentages
 Concepts of Cost Price, Selling Price, Total Cost Price, and Profit and Loss, Discount, Overhead Expenses and GST
 Sales Tax, Value Added Tax, and Good and Services Tax
 Concept of Principal, Interest, Amount, and Simple Interest
 Concept of Compound Interest
 Deducing a Formula for Compound Interest
 Rate Compounded Annually Or Half Yearly (Semi Annually)
 Applications of Compound Interest Formula
Algebraic Expressions and Identities
 Algebraic Expressions
 Terms, Factors and Coefficients of Expression
 Types of Algebraic Expressions as Monomials, Binomials, Trinomials Or Polynomials
 Like and Unlike Terms
 Addition of Algebraic Expressions
 Subtraction of Algebraic Expressions
 Multiplication of Algebraic Expressions
 Multiplying Monomial by Monomials
 Multiplying a Monomial by a Binomial
 Multiplying a Monomial by a Trinomial
 Multiplying a Binomial by a Binomial
 Multiplying a Binomial by a Trinomial
 Concept of Identity
 Expansion of (a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2
 Expansion of (a  b)2 = a2  2ab + b2
 Expansion of (a + b)(a  b)
 Expansion of (x + a)(x + b)
Visualizing Solid Shapes
Mensuration
Exponents and Powers
Direct and Inverse Proportions
Factorization
 Factors and Multiples
 Factorising Algebraic Expressions
 Factorisation by Taking Out Common Factors
 Factorisation by Regrouping Terms
 Factorisation Using Identities
 Factors of the Form (x + a)(x + b)
 Dividing a Monomial by a Monomial
 Dividing a Polynomial by a Monomial
 Dividing a Polynomial by a Polynomial
 Concept of Find the Error
Introduction to Graphs
 Concept of Bar Graph
 Interpretation of Bar Graphs
 Drawing a Bar Graph
 Concept of Double Bar Graph
 Interpretation of a Double Bar Graph
 Drawing a Double Bar Graph
 Concept of Pie Graph (Or a Circlegraph)
 Graphical Representation of Data as Histograms
 Concept of a Line Graph
 Linear Graphs
 Linear Graphs
 Some Application of Linear Graphs
Playing with Numbers
notes
Terms, Factors and Coefficients of Expression:
1. Terms:

Terms are added to form expressions. Terms are added to make an expression.

For example, the terms 4x^{2} and ( 3xy) are added to give the expression 4x^{2} – 3xy. This is because 4x^{2} + ( 3xy) = 4x^{2} – 3xy.

Note, the minus sign (–) is included in the term.
2. Factors:
A term is a product of factors. The term 4xy in the expression 4xy + 7 is a product of factors x, y, and 4. Factors containing variables are said to be algebraic factors.
The expression (4x^{2} – 3xy) consists of two terms 4x^{2 }and – 3xy. The term 4x^{2} is a product of 4, x, and x; we say that 4, x, and x are the factors of the term 4x^{2}. A term is a product of its factors. The term – 3xy is a product of the factors –3, x, and y.
3. Coefficient:

The coefficient is the numerical factor in the term. Sometimes any one factor in a term is called the coefficient of the remaining part of the term.

In the term 10xyz, 10 is the coefficient of xyz, in the term 7x^{2}y^{2},  7 is the coefficient of x^{2}y^{2}.
 When the coefficient of a term is + 1, it is usually omitted. For example, 1x is written as x; 1x^{2}y^{2} is written as x^{2}y^{2}, and so on. Also, the coefficient (– 1) is indicated only by the minus sign.
Thus (– 1) x is written as – x; (–1) x^{2 }y^{ 2} is written as – x^{2 }y^{2} and so on.  Sometimes, the word 'coefficient' is used in a more general way. Thus we say that in the term 5xy, 5 is the coefficient of xy, x is the coefficient of 5y and y is the coefficient of 5x. In 10xy^{2}, 10 is the coefficient of xy^{2}, x is the coefficient of 10y^{2} and y^{2} is the coefficient of 10x.
Thus, in this more general way, a coefficient may be either a numerical factor or an algebraic factor or a product of two or more factors. It is said to be the coefficient of the product of the remaining factors.