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Mapping Space Around Us

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Mapping Space Around Us:

In Geography, you have been asked to locate a particular State, a particular river, a mountain, etc., on a map. In History, you might have been asked to locate a particular place where some event had occurred long back. You have traced routes of rivers, roads, railway lines, traders, and many others.

When we draw a picture, we attempt to represent reality as it is seen with all its details, whereas, a map depicts only the location of an object, in relation to other objects. Secondly, different persons can give descriptions of pictures completely different from one another, depending upon the position from which they are looking at the house. But, this is not true in the case of a map. The map of the house remains the same irrespective of the position of the observer. In other words, perspective is very important for drawing a picture but it is not relevant for a map.

We can summarise that:

  1. A map depicts the location of a particular object/place in relation to other objects/places.

  2. Symbols are used to depict different objects/places.

  3. Perspective is very important for drawing a picture but it is not relevant for a map., i.e., objects that are closer to the observer are shown to be of the same size as those that are farther away.

  4. For example, look at the following illustration,

  5. Maps use a scale which is fixed for a particular map. It reduces the real distances proportionately to distances on the paper.

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