Brazil Wildlife

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Definition

  • Wildlife: Wildlife is encompass all living things that develop naturally or exist without human intervention.

Brazil Wildlife

  • Brazil has more wildlife diversity than any other country on the planet.
  • Huge anacondas can be found in the swampy areas of Pantanal. Guinea pigs, crocodiles, alligators, monkeys, pumas, leopards, and other animals can be found in Brazil.

    Crocodiles

    Leopard

    Puma

  • Swordfish are common in the seas, while piranhas and pink dolphins can be found in rivers.
  • The main birds found here are condors, which are huge and fly high in the sky, as well as various types of parrots, macaws, and flamingoes.

    Macaws

    Flamingoes

  • Millions of insect species can also be found here. Brazil's wildlife is very rich and diverse as a result of these variations.
  • Environmental degradation is occurring as a result of illegal smuggling of wild animals, slash and burn agriculture (roca), deforestation, pollution, and other factors. Brazil is currently dealing with these issues. Because of these issues, many endemic species are on the verge of extinction.

Do you know?

A survey done in 2016 has found that approximately, 5831 sq. kms. of land under forests in Brazil had already degraded in that year.

Example

On the basis of given figure answer the following questions:

  1. Name the species shown on the map. Condor, Anaconda, Golden lion tamarin, macaw, etc,.
  2. In which regions are these animals found? Why are their habitats found in these forests? 
  3. Classify the forest regions with reference to their extent.
  1. Some of the major species shown on the map are condor, golden lion tamarin, anaconda, crocodile, sword fish, flamingoes, macaw, parrots, rufous bellied thrush.
  2. The dense equatorial forest region is home to golden lion tamarin, condor, anaconda, etc. This is because these forest lie near the Amazon River and receive rainfall throughout the year. Swampy lands of Pantanal is home to anacondas and crocodiles because these conditions are favourable for their habitation. Sword fish thrives near the South Atlantic Coast due to the extensive continental shelf.
  3. Equatorial forests are found in the northern part of Brazil and it covers an extensive area. Tropical Grasslands (Savanna) is the next major forest type occupying central part of Brazil. Hot deciduous forests occupy the southern Brazil whereas swampy lands of Pantanal occupy a small part of Brazil in the south west. Thorny shrubs occupy the north western part of Brazil owing to low rainfall whereas Temperate Grasslands (Pampas) occupy south Brazil.
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