Location and Extent
Physiography and Drainage
- Physical Divisions of India
- The North Indian Mountains
- The Himalayas
- North Indian Plains
- The Peninsular Indian Plateau
- The Indian Coastal Plains
- The Indian Islands
- Physiography of Brazil
- Brazilian Highlands
- The Great Escarpment in Brazil
- Coastline of Brazil
- Brazilian Plains
- Brazilian Island
- Drainage of Brazil
- Drainage Systems of India
- Himalayan Rivers
- Peninsular Rivers
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Economy and Occupations
Tourism, Transport and Communication
Geography - Physical Divisions of India
Identification of Physical divisions
- Identification of Physical Divisions
Geography - North Indian Mountains
- Concept of Associated Mountains
Geography - North Indian Plain Region
- Concept of Western Plains
- Concept on Central Plains
- Concept of Delta Region
- Concept of Eastern Plains
Geography - Peninsular Plateau Region
Chhotta Nagpur Plateau
- Concept for Chhotta Nagpur Plateau
- Concept on Malwa Plateau
- Concept for Maharashtra Plateau
- Concept for Karnataka Plateau
- Concept for Telangana Plateau
Geography - Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats
- Concept on Eastern Ghats
- Concept on Sahyadries
Geography - Coastal Region
- Geography - Coastal Region
Eastern coastal plain
- Coastal Region - Eastern Coastal Plain
- Concept for Western Coastal Plain
Western coastal plain
- Concept for Western Coastal Plain
Geography - Indian Islands
- Geography - Indian Islands
- Indian Islands - Eastern Islands
- Indian Islands - Western Islands
Geography - Practical 1
- Concept on Cartography
Geography - Practical 2
Two dimensional diagrams
- Two Dimensional Shapes
One dimensional diagrams
- Concept on One Dimensional Diagrams
Economics - Introduction of an Economy
Introduction of an Economy
- Types of Economy
- Main Features of Economy
Economics - Basic problems of an economy solution
- Concept for Capitalism
- Concept for Socialism
- Mixed Economy
- Introduction of Basic Problems of an Economy
- Problems- for Whom to Produce
- Problem - How Much to Produce
- Problem - by Whom to Produce
Economics - Inflation
- Concept for Introduction of Inflation
Effects of inflation
- Effects of Inflation
Measures of Inflation
- Measures of Inflation
Causes of inflation
- Causes of Inflation
Economics - Public distribution system and consumer protection
- Measures of Inflation
Public Distribution system - meaning and explanation
- Public Distribution System - Meaning and Explanation
- Introduction of Public Distribution System and Consumer Protection
Objectives of Public Distribution system
- Objectives of Public Distribution System
- Remedial Measures Public Distribution System and Consumer Protection
- Consumer Protection - Rights and Duties of Cunsumer, Food Adulteration
Drawbacks of Public Distribution system
- Drawbacks of Public Distribution System
Progress of Public Distribution system
- Progress of Public Distribution System
Historical Background of Brazil:
- The history of Brazil begins with indigenous people in Brazil.
- During the extensive European explorations in the late 15th century, led by Portugal and Spain, Brazil was added to the global map.
- Under the sponsorship of the Kingdom of Portugal, Pedro Alvares Cabral became the first European to establish sovereignty over Indigenous lands on April 22, 1500, in a part of South America that is now the Federative Republic of Brazil.
- Brazil was a Portuguese Empire colony from the 16th to the early 19th centuries.
- Sugarcane plantations were established along the coast by colonists, who also brought gold and diamonds back to Europe. West Africans were soon brought to Brazil to work as slaves. Numerous individuals from the country's interior came from the coasts and as far away as Europe after the discovery of significant inland gold reserves.
- Brazil, a Portuguese territory, was verge to begin its own revolution for independence as earlier as the 1790s.
- The nation proclaimed its independence from Portugal on September 7, 1822, and changed its name to the Empire of Brazil.
- Kings of Portuguese ancestry ruled until 1888 when the king was driven from power by military commanders and landowners, and Brazil became a federal republic.
- The Vargas Era (1937-1945) and the Brazilian military government's military rule (1964-1985) were the two dictatorships that the country experienced.
- From 1930 to 1985, for more than a half-century, it was under a populist military government.
- By this point, economic development had been replaced by rising inequality and instability, and the president was unable to stem the economy's decline, long-term inflation, and the concurrent collapse of other military dictatorships in South America.
- With the adoption of a new Constitution in 1988, democracy was formally restored in Brazil.
- Since that time, the military has continued to be governed by civilian legislators and has no formal involvement in domestic politics.
- The first new presidential election in nearly three decades was held in 1989.
- During the years 1990 to 2000, some of the nation's most serious and enduring issues were successfully addressed.
- Extreme poverty was significantly reduced, hyperinflation and debt were brought under control, school enrollment and years of education improved significantly for the entire population, Brazil established an ambitious universal public healthcare system, independent judicial and public accountability institutions were established and strengthened, and, to the surprise of many analysts, even the country's income distribution significantly improved.
- Moreover, the economy grew above the rich countries’ average for some time and, in a historic moment, Brazil survived the global financial crisis of 2007-2008 almost unscathed.
- Brazil is seen as a contributor to the economic growth of the world and an important market in the future.
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Match the correct pairs.
|Column A||Column B|
|(1) Anaconda||(a) Tributary of Ganga|
|(2) Yamuna||(b) Coffee plantations|
|(3) Brazil Independence||(c) Brazil|
|(4) Sao Paulo||(d) IT boom|
|(f) Western Ghats|
- OR -