Settlement Patterns in Brazil




Settlement Patterns in Brazil

  • The first settlements in Brazil were established by European settlers, primarily along the coast. The settlements have developed and become densely populated.
  • The major reasons of development are as follows: 
    Despite the fact that the coastal climate is hot and humid, and flat land is limited due to the region's rugged topography, the region has a plentiful supply of water and a diverse range of natural resources. For example, Sao Paulo.

City of Sao Paulo

Rain Forest in Amazon River Basin


  • Sao Paulo has a large area of rich soil, making it ideal for growing coffee. It also has a large supply of natural minerals nearby, such as iron ore, as well as a consistent energy supply. The South Eastern region also has a good transportation system. As a result, the Sao Poulo area is a nucleated settlement.
  • Droughts in rural areas such as the north-east Highlands make agriculture difficult, and as a result, settlements are sparse.
    As we move closer to the centre of Brazil, settlements become more scarce. The following are the key reasons:
    1. The region is covered by dense equatorial rainforests.
    2. The climate here is unsuitable for settlement.
    3. Use and exploitation of natural resources is limited.
    4. The region's transportation links are inadequate.


Settlement: A settlement is a place where people have come to live and have built homes.
Nucleated Settlements: Settlement where buildings or houses are grouped or clustered around a central point or nucleus is known as nucleated settlements.


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