India Transport




India Transport 

  • Roadways: India has a more dense transportation network than Brazil. Every year, roads carry approximately 85% of passengers and 70% of goods.
  • Railways: The development of railways has facilitated merchandise and passenger transportation.  Railways are critical to the economic growth of India.  The railway network is comparatively less dense in hill states, northeastern states, central India, and Rajasthan, whereas it is dense in the North Indian Plains. Railways are critical in a large country with long distances.
  • Waterways: Waterways are a cheap mode of transportation. Waterways account for about 1% of the total transportation in the country. It includes rivers, canals, backwaters, creeks, and so on. Approximately 95 percent of India’s foreign trade moves through ocean routes. These are used for transportation between the islands and the rest of the country in addition to international trade.
  • Airways: Airways in India are more developed than in Brazil, and the use of internal airways is growing.


Look at the transport maps of India given in fig and answer the following questions.

  1. Which means of transport are visible on the map?
  2. In which part of India is the density of railways more?
  3. Name five important ports and airports of India.
  4. Which parts of India have a sparse network of transport? What could be the reason?
  1. The means of transport visible on the map are waterways, railways and airways.
  2. The density of railways is more in the Northern Plains region.
  3. Ports: Mumbai ,Vishakhapatanam, Haldia, Chennai and Kandla.
    Airports: Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, and Kolkata.
  4. The north and the north-east parts of India have a sparse network of transport. Due to mountainous and snow covered areas in the north and the dense inaccesible forest areas of the north-east, the transportation network is sparse here. Also these regions have low population and lack of economic opportunities.
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