The Great Escarpment in Brazil




The Great Escarpment:

The Great Escarpment

  • Despite its small size, the nature of its slope and the effect it has on the climate make it a distinct physiographic region.
  • The escarpment demarcates the eastern side of the Highlands.
  • In this region, the height of the escarpment is 790 meters. The height gradually decreases in some areas.
  • The escarpment is particularly steep between Sao Paulo and Porto Alegre.
  • The escarpment act as a barrier to the Southeast Trade winds giving rise to the rainshadow area in the northeastern part of the highlands.
  • The region to the north of this area is called the ‘Drought Quadrilateral’.
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