Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) (5 to 8) Class 5

Vermicomposting

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Topics

  • Food: Where Does It Come From?
    • Food Variety
    • Ingredients of Food
    • Plant Sources
    • Plant as Food (Plant Product)
    • Animal Sources
    • Animal Products used as Food
    • Classification of Animal
    • Food and Its Types
  • Components of Food
    • Food and Its Types
    • What Do Different Food Items Contain?
    • Test for Carbohydrates/Starch
    • Test for Protein
    • Test for Fats
    • Nutrients and Nutrition
    • Component of Food
    • Component of Food: Carbohydrates
    • Component of Food: Fats (Lipids)
    • Component of Food: Proteins
    • Component of Food: Vitamin
    • Component of Food: Minerals
    • Balanced Diet
    • Obesity and Its Prevention
    • Deficiency Diseases
    • Diseases Due Deficiency in Vitamin
    • Diseases Due Deficiency in Minerals
  • Science
  • Sorting Materials into Groups
    • Objects Around Us
    • Material and Its Properties
    • Classification of Material
  • Fibre to Fabric
    • Fabrics
    • Fibre
    • Plant Fibres: Cotton
    • Plant Fibre: Jute Fibre
    • Fibre to Yarn to Fabric
    • History of Clothing Material
  • Separation of Substances
  • Getting to Know Plants
  • Body Movements
    • Human Body and Its Movements
    • Joints and Its Classification
    • Human Skeleton System
    • The Human Skeleton: Appendicular Skeleton
    • The Human Skeleton: Axial Skeleton
    • Bone and Its Types
    • Muscles and Its Types
    • Muscular System
    • Movement in Different Animals
  • Changes Around Us
  • The Living Organisms - Characteristics and Habitats
    • Biodiversity
    • Habitat and Its Types
    • Adaptations and Its Types
    • Structure of an Ecosystem
    • Adaptations of Plants
    • Adaptation in Desert Plants (Xerophytes)
    • Adaptation in Mountain Plant
    • Adaptation in Grassland Plants (Mesophytes)
    • Adaptation in Aquatic Plants (Hydrophytes)
    • Adaptation in Animals
    • Adaptation in Desert Animals
    • Adaptation in Mountain Animal
    • Adaptation in Forest and Grassland Animals
    • Adaptation in Aquatic Animals
    • Characteristics of Organisms
  • Motion and Measurement of Distances
    • Story of Transport
    • Measurements
    • Unit and Its Types
    • Unit Systems
    • International System of Units (SI System)
    • Devices for Measuring Length
    • Measuring the Length of a Curved Line
    • Motion and Rest
    • Types of Motion
    • Multiple Motion
  • Light, Shadows and Reflections
    • Light
    • Luminous and Non-luminous Bodies
    • Some Important Terms Related to Light
    • Shadow
    • Formation of Shadow
    • Rectilinear Propagation of Light
    • A Pinhole Camera
    • Mirrors and Its Types
    • Reflection of Light
  • Electricity and Circuits
  • Fun with Magnets
    • Magnet and Its Characteristics
    • Uses of Magnets
    • Discovery of Magnets
    • Classification of Magnets
    • Magnetic and Non-magnetic Materials
    • Magnetic Pole
    • Finding Directions with a Magnet
    • Making a Magnet
    • Magnetic Properties
    • Demagnetization of a Magnet
  • Air Around Us
    • Air Around Us
    • Composition and Components of Air
    • Components of Air: Water Vapour
    • Components of Air: Oxygen
    • Components of Air: Nitrogen
    • Components of Air: Carbon Dioxide
    • Components of Air: Dust and Smoke
    • Importance of Air for Survival of Plants and Animals in Water and Soil
    • How is the Oxygen in the Atmosphere Replaced?
  • Water
  • Garbage In, Garbage Out

Notes

Beekeeping:

Bee farming is performed in bee farms or apiaries. Many farmers perform beekeeping as a means of generating additional income because:

Honey is a widely used product

Bee farming is not very expensive

They also generate wax along with honey

Bees used for commercial and honey production

Apis Cerana Indica - Indian bee

A. Dorsata - The rock bee

A. Florae - The little bee

A. Mellifera – Italian variety of bee

Castes in Honey Bee

The honey bees build a nest which is called as a bee-hive. A hive contains almost 10,000 to 60,000 bees. The bees live together in a colony and divide themselves into 3 different castes.

Queen bee: the fertile, functional female of all is the queen bee. It is the supreme bee in the colony.

Drone bees: they are the smaller male bees of the colony. Their main task is to maintain the hive.

Worker bees: they are the smallest in size but the most active members of the hive. They perform different functions such as collecting pollens and nectar, constructing the comb, cleaning the cells of the hive.

Why Italian bees are popular in bee farming?

They produce large amounts of honey.

They do not sting much.

The breeding period in Italian bees is long.

Factors that determine the quality of honey

Along with the choice of selection of the bee species, the flowers decide the quality quantity and taste of the honey produced.

There should also be enough pasturage or availability of flowers to the bees so that they can collect enough nectar and pollen.

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