Maharashtra State BoardHSC Arts 11th
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Art, Architecture, Literature, Social Life

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Art, Architecture, Literature, Social Life:

The Sultanate period left its impact on religious and cultural life as well as it did in political life. Some new facets were added to the field of Indian art. For example, Razia Sultan encouraged the musicians and singers by honouring them with awards. Balban himself was a musician. He created new Ragas by continuing Iranian music with Indian music. Amir Khusrow, Amir Khas, and many other poets and musicians were honoured members of the royal court of Balban. The Sufi saints have greatly contributed to the development of Indian music. The followers of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti used to present ‘Qawwali’ every evening in the court of Delhi. The Islamic rulers built huge mosques, dargahs, and tombs. It presents a beautiful blend of Iranian and Indian architecture. Qutubuddin Aibak was the first ruler to have started building monuments in this style, which is known as Indo-Islamic architecture. He built ‘Quwwat-i-Islam’ mosque at Delhi. Qutub Minar at Mehrauli is a well-known example of Islamic architecture. The construction of Qutub Minar bagan during the reign of Qutubuddin Aibak and completed during the period of Iltutmish. The Sultans of Delhi encouraged literary activities as well.  

Many writers and poets found patronage in the court of the Sultans. Many scholars from countries like Syria, Arabia, Iran, etc. used to travel to India during this period. Tuli translated the text of ‘Koshashastra’ A kosha, usually rendered "sheath", is a covering of the Atman, or Self according to Vedantic philosophy. There are five koshas, and they are often visualised as the layers of an onion in the subtle body. Most of the Sultans were Turks or Pathans. An independent class of Amirs and Umravs (nobility) came into existence. During this period, many Maktabas Most of the Sultans were Turks or Pathans. An independent class of Amirs and Umravs (nobility) came into existence. During this period, many Maktabas (primary school) and Madarasas were Established.

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