Animal Husbandry (Livestock) - Pisciculture (Fish Farming)



  • Pisciculture
  • Types of Fish Culture
  • Types of Ponds for Fish Culture
  • Cultivable Food Fishes
  • Nutritional Value of Fishes



  • The fishery is an industry devoted to the catching, processing, or selling of fish, shellfish, or other aquatic animals. 
  • A large number of our population is dependent on fish, fish products, and other aquatic animals such as prawns, crabs, lobsters, edible oysters, etc., for food.

  • Fisheries include fish production in rivers, canals, ponds, and lakes.
    (i) Some of the freshwater fishes which are very common include Catla, Rohu, and common carp. 
    (ii) Some of the marine water fishes that are eaten include – Hilsa, Sardines, Mackerel, and Pomfrets.  

  • Economic importance of fisheries:
  1. Fisheries have an important place in the Indian economy.
  2. It provides income and employment to millions of fishermen and farmers, particularly in the coastal states. 
  3. It is the sole source of livelihood for the coastal inhabitants.
  4. Fish provides meat, a rich source of protein, good fats, etc.  
  5. Cod liver oil and shark liver oil are rich in vitamin A and vitamin D.
  6. Shark skin is called Shagreen which is used for bags & purse making.  
  • In order to meet the increasing demands on fisheries, different techniques have been employed to increase production. For example, through aquaculture and pisciculture, we have been able to increase the production of aquatic plants and animals, both fresh water and marine. 
  • The development and flourishing of the fishery industry has brought a lot of income in the country. Thus, it can be termed the 'Blue Revolution'.
  • ‘Blue Revolution’ is being implemented along the same lines as ‘Green Revolution’.
  • Pisciculture is the rearing, breeding, and catching of only Fishes, it's Selling, processing, etc. for commercial use. 
  • Aquaculture is the rearing and management of any useful aquatic animals & plants.
  • Fish farms are seeded with monoculture or polyculture.  
  • Scientific name used in Aquarium:

    Scientific Name 

    Common Name
    Catla Catla  Catla 
    Labeo rohita  Rohu 
    Labeo calbasu  Calbasu
    Cirhinus mrigala Mrigal 
    Mystus singhala  Singhara 
    Heteropneustes fossilaris  Singhi 
    Wallago attu  Malli 
    Calrius batrachus  Magur 
    Sandinella longiceps  Oil Sardine 
    Harpodon heherius  Bombay Duck
    Hilsa isisha  Hilsa 
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