Loktak Lake

  • There are numerous lakes in India. These differ from each other in terms of size and other characteristics.
  • Most lakes are permanent, but some, such as those in semi-arid inland drainage basins, only contain water during the rainy season.
  • Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, wind, river, and human. 
  • A meandering river across a floodplain creates cut-offs, which eventually develop into ox-bow lakes. Spits and bars form lagoons along the coast, such as the Chilika, Pulicat, and Kolleru lakes.
  • Lakes in the inland drainage region are sometimes seasonal, such as the salt water Sambhar lake in Rajasthan. Its water is used to make salt.
  • The Himalayan region contains the majority of freshwater lakes. They are glacial in origin. In other words, they formed when glaciers dug out a basin that was later filled by snowmelt. In contrast, the Wular lake in Jammu and Kashmir is the result of tectonic activity. It is India's largest freshwater lake.
  • Other notable freshwater lakes include Dal Lake, Bhimtal, Nainital, Loktak, and Barapani.
  • Besides natural lakes, damming rivers for hydropower generation has resulted in the formation of lakes such as Guru Gobind Sagar (Bhakra Nangal Project).
  • Lakes are extremely valuable to humans. A lake helps to control the flow of a river. It prevents flooding during heavy rains and aids in maintaining an even flow of water during the dry season. Lakes can also be used to generate hydropower.
  • They help to maintain the aquatic ecosystem, enhance natural beauty, develop tourism, and provide recreation.


Sr. No.  Natural Lakes  Artificial Lakes 
1.  Wular lake, Jammu and Kashmir  Bhimtal Lake, Nainital city
2.  Dal lake, Srinagar Barapani, Shillong
3.  Nainital lake, Uttarakhand Vembanad lake, Kerala
4.  Loktak Lake, Manipur Rudrasagar lake, Tripura
5.  Chilika Lake, Odisha  
6.  Sambhar Lake, Rajasthan  
7.  Pulicat Lake, boundary of the Andhra and Tamil Nadu coasts  
8.  Kolleru Lake, between the Krisha and Godavari delta  
9.  Lonar lake, Maharashtra  


Do you know?

 Lakes of large extent are called seas, like the Caspian, the Dead and the Aral seas.


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