India’s Land and Water Frontiers

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Notes

India's Land and Water Frontiers:

India and Its Neighbours

  • India holds a critical strategic position in South Asia.
  • India's land border with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east are 15,200 kilometers long.
  • India's longest border is with Bangladesh (4156 km), while its shortest border is with Afghanistan. (106 km)
  • The Indian Ocean and its two arms, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east, wash India's 6,100 km long coastline on three sides. The length of India's coastline, including the islands, is 7,516.6 km.
  • Our southern neighbors across the sea are two island nations, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. The Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar form a narrow sea channel that separates Sri Lanka from India while the Maldives Islands are located to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.
  • India has long had geographical and historical ties with its neighbors. 
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