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Distribution of Rainfall

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Stations Latitude Altitude (Metres) Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May. Jun. July. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec. Annual Rainfall

Temperature (°C)

   

20.5

22.7

25.2

27.1

26.7

24.2

23.0

23.0

23.1

22.9

18.9

20.2

 
Bengaluru 12°58'N 909                  

 

 

 

 
Rainfall (cm)     0.7 0.9 1.1 4.5 10.7 7.1 11.1 13.7 16.4

15.3

6.1

1.3

88.9

Temperature (°C)

   

24.4

24.4

26.7

28.3

30.0

28.9

27.2

27.2

27.2

27.8

27.2

25.0

 

Mumbai

19° N 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

0.2

0.2

 –

1.8

50.6

61.0

36.9

26.9

4.8

1.0

 –

183.4

Temperature (°C)

   

19.6

22.0

27.1

30.1

30.4

29.9

28.9

28.7

28.9

27.6

23.4

19.7

 

Kolkata

22°34'N 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

1.2

2.8

3.4

 5.1

13.4

29.0

33.1

33.4

25.3

12.7

2.7

0.4

162.5

Temperature (°C)

   

14.4

16.7

23.3

30.0

33.3

33.3

30.0

29.4

28.9

25.6

19.4

15.6

 

Delhi

29° N 219

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

2.5

1.5

1.3

1.0

1.8

7.4

19.3

17.8

11.9

1.3

0.2

1.0

67.0

Temperature (°C)

   

16.8

19.2

26.6

29.8

33.3

33.9

31.3

29.0

20.1

27.0

20.1

14.9

 

Jodhpur

26°18'N 224

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

0.5

0.6

0.3

0.3

1.0

3.1

10.8

13.1

5.7

5.7

0.2

0.2

36.6

Temperature (°C)

   

24.5

25.7

27.7

30.4

33.0

32..5

31.0

30.2

29.8

28.0

25.9

24.9

 

Chennai

13°4'N 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

4.6

1.3

1.3

1.8

3.8

22.2

8.7

11.3

11.9

30.6

35.0

0.2

128.6

Temperature (°C)

   

21.5

23.9

28.3

32.7

35.5

32.0

27.7

27.3

27.9

26.7

23.1

20.7

 

Nagpur

21°9'N 312

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

1.1

2.3

1.7

1.6

2.1

22.2

37.6

28.6

18.5

5.5

2.0

13.9

124.2

Temperature (°C)

   

9.8

11.3

15.9

18.5

19.2

20.5

21.1

20.9

20.9

17.2

13.3

10.4

 

Shillong

24°34'N 1461

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

1.4

2.9

5.6

14.6

29.5

47.6

35.9

34.3

30.2

18.8

3.8

1.0

225.3

Temperature (°C)

   

26.7

27.3

28.3

28.7

28.6

26.6

26.2

26.2

26.5

26.7

26.6

26.5

 

Thiruvananthapuram

8°29'N 61

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

2.3

2.1

3.7

10.6

20.8

35.6

22.3

14.6

13.8

27.3

20.6

7.5

181.2

Temperature (°C)

   

−8.5

−7.2

−0.6

6.1

10.0

14.4

17.2

16.1

12.2

6.1

0.0

−5.6

 

Leh

34°N 3506

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rainfall (cm)

   

1.0

0.8

0.8

0.5

0.5

0.5

1.3

1.3

0.8

0.5

0.5

8.5

In above Table the average mean monthly temperatures and amounts of rainfall of ten representative stations have been given. It is for you to study on your own and convert them into ‘temperature and rainfall’ graphs. A glance at these visual representations will help you to grasp instantly the similarities and differences between them. One such graph (Figure 1) is already prepared for you. See if you can arrive at some broad generalisations about our diverse climatic conditions. 

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