India and the Contemporary World - 1
The French Revolution
- Introduction of the French Revolution
- French Society During the Late Eighteenth Century
- The Outbreak of the Revolution
- France Abolishes Monarchy and Becomes a Republic
- Did Women Have a Revolution
- The Abolition of Slavery
- The Revolution and Everyday Life
Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
- The Age of Social Change
- The Russian Revolution
- The February Revolution in Petrograd
- What Changed After October?
- The Global Influence of the Russian Revolution and the USSR
Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
- Introduction of Nazism and the Rise of Hitler
- Birth of the Weimar Republic
- Hitler’s Rise to Power
- The Nazi Worldview
- Youth in Nazi Germany
- Ordinary People and the Crimes Against Humanity
Forest Society and Colonialism
- Introduction of Forest Society and Colonialism
- Deforestation and Its Causes
- The Rise of Commercial Forestry
- Rebellion in the Forest
- Forest Transformations in Java
Pastoralists in the Modern World
- Introduction of Pastoralists in the Modern World
- Pastoral Nomads and Their Movements
- Colonial Rule and Pastoral Life
- Pastoralism in Africa
Contemporary India - 1
India - Size and Location
Physical Features of India
- Climate of India
- Climatic Controls
- Factors Affecting the Indian Climate
- The Indian Monsoon
- The Onset of the Monsoon and Withdrawal
- Seasons of India
- The Winter Season or Cold Weather
- The Summer or Hot Weather Season
- Southwest Monsoon or Rainy Season
- Northeast monsoon season or Retreating Monsoon
- Distribution of Rainfall
- Monsoon as a Unifying Bond
Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
Democratic Politics - 1
What is Democracy? Why Democracy?
- What is Democracy?
- Features of Democracy
- Why Democracy
- Broader Meanings of Democracy
- Democratic Constitution in South Africa
- Why Do We Need a Constitution?
- Making of the Indian Constitution
- Guiding Values of the Indian Constitution
- Why Elections?
- What is Our System of Elections?
- What Makes Elections in India Democratic?
Working of Institutions
- How is a Major Policy Decision Taken
- Political Executive
- The Judiciary
- Life Without Rights
- Rights in a Democracy
- Rights in the Indian Constitution
- Expanding Scope of Rights
The Story of Village Palampur
- Introduction of the Story of Village Palampur
- Organisation of Production
- Farming in Palampur
- Non-farm Activities in Palampur
People as Resource
- Introduction of People as Resource
- Economic Activities by Men and Women
- Quality of Population
Poverty as a Challenge
- Introduction of Poverty as a Challenge
- Two Typical Cases of Poverty
- Poverty as Seen by Social Scientists
- Poverty Estimates
- Vulnerable Groups
- Inter-state Disparities
- Global Poverty Scenario
- Causes of Poverty
- Anti-poverty Measures
- The Challenges Ahead of Poverty
Food Security in India
- Food Security
- Food Insecure
- Food Security in India
- Buffer Stock
- Public Distribution System
- Current Status of the Public Distribution System
- Role of Cooperatives in Food Security
- There are six major controls of the climate of any place. They are: latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from
the sea (continentality), ocean currents and relief features.
- Latitude: The amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude due to the curvature of the earth. As a result, from the equator to the poles, air temperature generally decreases.
- Altitude: As one goes up from the earth's surface to higher altitudes, the atmosphere becomes less dense and the temperature drops. As a result, the hills are cooler in the summer.
- Pressure and wind: The pressure and wind systems of any location are determined by its latitude and altitude. As a result, it affects the temperature and rainfall pattern.
- Distance from the sea: The sea put forth a moderating effect on climate: As the distance from the sea increases, its moderating influence decreases and the people experience extreme weather conditions. This condition is known as continentality (i.e. very hot during summers and very cold during winters).
- Ocean Current: The climate of coastal areas is affected by ocean currents as well as onshore winds. For example, any coastal area with warm or cold currents flowing past it will be warmed or cooled if the winds are onshore.
- Relief: Finally, relief plays a significant role in determining a the climate of any place. High mountains act as barriers to cold or hot winds; they may also cause precipitation if they are high enough and in the path of rain-bearing winds. The leeward side of mountains remains relatively dry.
Why most of the world’s deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics?
Most of the worlds deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics because the prevailing winds in the tropics are tropical easterly winds. The tropical easterly winds become dry by the time they reach the western margins of the continents and so they bring no rainfall. Thus, the region becomes devoid of moisture which causes dry conditions leading to formation of deserts.
Answer the following question briefly.
What are jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India?
Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples.
Now think why Tiruvananthapuram has equable climate?
In spite of these facts see carefully if there is strong evidence to conclude that the monsoons still provide a very strong framework lending overall climatic unity to the whole country.