CBSE (Arts) Class 11CBSE
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# Ellipse - Special Cases of an Ellipse

When c = 0, both foci merge together with the centre of the ellipse and a^2 = b^2, i.e., a = b, and so the ellipse becomes circle in the above Fig.
When c = a, then b = 0. The ellipse reduces to the line segment F_1F_2 joining the two foci in above fig.