#### Online Mock Tests

#### Chapters

Chapter 2: Work, Energy and Power

Chapter 3: Machines

Chapter 4: Refraction of Light at Plane Surfaces

Chapter 5: Refraction through a Lens

Chapter 6: Spectrum

Chapter 7: Sound

Chapter 8: Current Electricity

Chapter 9: Electrical Power and Household Circuits

Chapter 10: Electro-Magnetism

Chapter 11: Calorimetry

Chapter 12: Radioactivity

## Chapter 5: Refraction through a Lens

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (A) [Pages 109 - 110]

What is a lens?

Name the different kinds of lenses. Draw diagrams to illustrate them.

State two differences between a convex and a concave lens in their (a) appearence, and (b) action on the incident light.

Which lens is converging: An equiconcave lens or an equiconvex lens.

Which lens is converging:

A concavo-convex lens or a convexo-concave lens?

Out of the two lenses, one concave and the other convex, state which one will show the divergent action on a light beam.

Show by a diagram the refraction of two light rays incident parallel to the principal axis on a convex lens by treating it as a combination of a glass block and two triangular glass prisms.

Show by a diagram, the refraction of two light rays incident parallel to the principal axis on a concave lens by treating it as a combination of a glass block and two triangular glass prisms.

How does the action of a convex lens differ from that of a concave lens on a parallel beam of light incident on them? Draw diagram to illustrate your answer.

Define the term principal axis of a lens.

Explain optical centre of a lens with the help of proper diagram(s)

A ray of light incident at a point on the principal axis of a convex lens passes undeviated through the lens.

(a) What special name is given to this point on the principal axis?

(b) Draw a labelled diagram to support your answer in part (a)

State the condition when a lens is called an equi-convex or equi-concave

Define the term principal foci of a convex lens and illustrate your answer with the aid of proper diagrams.

Define the term principal foci of a concave lens and show them with the help of proper diagrams.

Draw a diagram to represent the second focus of a concave lens.

Draw a diagram to represent the second focus of a convex lens.

A ray of light, after refraction through a concave lens emerges parallel to the principal axis. (a) draw a ray diagram to show the incident ray and its corresponding emergent ray. (b) The incident ray when produces meets the principal axis at a point. Name the point.

A ray of light after refraction through a convex lens emerges parallel to principal axis. (a) Draw a ray diagram to show it. (b) The incident ray passes through a point on the principal axis. Name the point

A beam of light incident on a convex lens parallel to its principal axis converges at a point on the principal axis. Name the point. Draw a ray diagram to show it.

A beam of light incident on a thin concave lens parallel to its principal axis diverges and appears to come from a point on the principal axis. Name the point. Draw a ray diagram to show it.

Define the term focal length of a lens.

What do you mean by focal plane of a lens?

State the condition for the following a lens has both its focal lengths equal .

State the condition for the following a ray passes undeviated through the lens .

A parallel oblique beam of light falls on a (i) convex lens, (ii) concave lens. Draw a diagram in each case to show the refraction of light through the lens.

The diagram alongside shows a lens as a combination of a glass block and two prisms. Name the lens formed by the combination.

The diagram alongside shows a lens as a combination of a glass block and two prisms.

what is the rays the line XX’ called?

The diagram alongside shows a lens as a combination of a glass block and two prisms.

Complete the ray diagram and show the path of the incident ray AB after passing through the lens

The diagram alongside shows a lens as a combination of a glass block and two prisms.

The final emergent ray will either meet XX’ at a point or appear to come from a point on XX’. Label the point as F. What is this point called?

The diagram alongside shows a lens as a combination of a glass block and two prisms.

(i) Name the lens formed by the combination.

(ii) what is the line XX’ called?

(iii) Complete the path of the incident ray AB after passing through the lens.

(iv) The final emergent ray either meets XX’ at a point or appears to come from a point on XX’ Label it as F. what is this point called?

In following figure ,, F1 and F2 are the positions of the two foci of the thin lenses shown in diagram (a) and (b) draw accurately the path taken by the light ray AB after it emerges from the lens in each diagram (a) and (b).

In following figure, F1 and F2 are the two foci of the thin lenses shown in diagram (a) and (b) and AB is the incident ray. Compete the diagram to show the path of the ray AB after refraction through the lens in each diagram (a) and (b).

**Complete the following sentence:**

If half part of a convex lens is covered, the focal length ……………… change, but the intensity of image ……………….

**Complete the following sentence:**

A convex lens is placed in water. Its focal length will ……………………….

**Complete the following sentence:**

The focal length of a then convex lens is …………….. than that of a thick convex lens.

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (A) [Page 110]

A ray of light after refraction through a lens emerges parallel to the principal axis of the lens. The incident ray either passes through :

its optical centre

its first focus

its second focus

its centre of curvature of the first surface

A ray of light incident on a lens parallel to its principal axis, after refraction passes through or appears to come from:

Its first focus

Its optical entre

Its second focus

The centre of curvature of its second surface

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (B) [Pages 119 - 121]

What are the three principal rays that are drawn to construct the ray diagram for the image formed by a lens? Draw diagrams to support your answer.

In the diagram below, XX’ represents the principal axis, O the optical centre and F the focus of the lens. Complete the path of rays A and B as they emerge out of the lens.

Where must a point source of light be placed in front of a convex lens so as to obtain a parallel beam of light?

Distinguish between a real and a virtual image.

Study the diagram given below.

Name the lens LL’

Study the following diagram :

What are the points O and O’ called?

Study the following diagram :

Complete the diagram to form the image of the object AB.

Study the following diagram :

state the three characteristics of the image.

Study the following diagram :

Name a device in which this action of lens is used.

Study the following diagram :

Name the lens LL’

Study the diagram below.

what are the points O, O’ called?

Study the diagram below.

Complete the diagram to form the image of the object AB.

Study the diagram below.

State three characteristics of the image

The following diagram shows an object AB and a converging lens L with foci F_{1} and F_{2}.

Draw two rays from the object and complete the diagram to locate the position of the image. Mark the image CD. Clearly mark on the diagram the position of the eye from where the image can be viewed.

The following diagram shows an object AB and a converging lens L with foci F_{1} and F_{2} State three characteristics of the image in relation to the object.

The diagram given below shows the position of an object OA in relation to a converging lens whose foci are at F_{1} and F_{2}.

draw two rays to locate the position of the image.

The diagram given below shows the position of an object OA in relation to a converging lens whose foci are at F1 and F2.

State the position of image with reference to the lens.

The diagram given below shows the position of an object OA in relation to a converging lens whose foci are at F_{1} and F_{2.}

Describe three characteristic of the image.

The diagram given below shows the position of an object OA in relation to a converging lens whose foci are at F_{1} and F_{2}.

Describe how the distance of the image from the lens and the size of the image change as the object is moved towards F_{1}.

A converging lens forms the image of an object placed in front of it beyond 2F_{2} of the lens.

Where is the object placed?

A converging lens forms the image of an object placed in front of it, beyond 2F_{2} of the lens.

Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image.

A converging lens forms the image of an object placed in front of it, beyond 2F_{2} of the lens.

State three characteristics of the image.

A convex lens forms an image of an object equal to the size of the object.Where is the object placed in front of the lens?

A convex lens forms an image of an object equal to the size of the object.draw a diagram to illustrate it.

A convex lens forms an image of an object equal to the size of the object.state two more characteristics of the image.

A lens forms an erect, magnified and virtual image of an object. name the type of lens.

A lens forms an erect, magnified and virtual image of an object.Where is the object placed in relation to the lens?

A lens forms an erect, magnified and virtual image of an object.Draw a ray diagram to show the formation of image.

A lens forms an erect, magnified and virtual image of an object. name the device which uses this principle.

A lens always forms an image between the object and the lens.

name the lens.

A lens always forms an image between the object and the lens.

A lens always forms an image between the object and the lens.

A lens always forms an image between the object and the lens.

state three characteristics of the image.

Classify as real or virtual, the image of a candle flame formed on a screen by a convex lens. Draw a ray diagram to illustrate how the image is formed.

Show by a ray diagram that a diverging lens cannot form a real image of an object placed anywhere on its principal axis.

Draw a ray diagram to show how a converging lens can form a real and enlarged image of an object.

A lens forms an upright and diminished image of an object irrespective of its position. What kind of lens is this?

Draw a ray diagram to show how a converging lens is used as a magnifying glass to observe a small object. Mark on your diagram the foci of the lens and the position of the eye.

Draw a ray diagram to show how a converging lens can form an image of the sun. Hence give a reason for the term ‘burning glass’ for a converging lens used in this manner.

A lens forms an inverted image of an object. what kind of lens is this?

A lens forms an inverted image of an object what is the nature of the image real or virtual?

A lens forms an upright and magnified image of an object name the lens

A lens forms an upright and magnified image of an object State whether the image is real or virtual

a) name the lens which always forms an erect and virtual image.

(b) state whether the image in part (a) is magnified or diminished.

Can a concave lens form an image of size two times that of the object? Give reason?

Give two characteristic of the image formed by a concave lens.

Give two characteristic of the virtual image formed by a convex lens.

In the following cases, where must an object be placed in front of a convex lens so that the image formed is at infinity.

In the following cases, where must an object be placed in front of a convex lens so that the image formed is of same size as the object .

In the following cases, where must an object be placed in front of a convex lens so that the image formed is inverted and enlarged .

In the following cases, where must an object be placed in front of a convex lens so that the image formed is upright and enlarged image?

Complete the following table:

Type of lens |
Position of object |
Nature of image |
Size of image |

Convex | Between optic centre and focus | ||

Convex | At focus | ||

Concave | At infinity | ||

Concave | At any distance |

State the changes in the position, size and nature of the image of an object when brought from infinity up to a convex lens. Illustrate your answer by drawing ray diagrams.

State the changes in the position, size and nature of the image of an object when brought from infinity up to a concave lens. Illustrate your answer by drawing ray diagrams.

**Complete the following sentence:**

An object is placed at a distance of more than 40 cm from a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. The image formed is real, inverted and ……….

**Complete the following sentence:**

an object is placed at a distance 2f from a convex lens of focal length f. The size of image formed is ………….. that of the object.

**Complete the following sentence:**

an object is placed at a distance 5 cm from a convex lens of focal length 10 cm. The image formed is virtual, upright and …………….

**State whether the following statement are ‘true’ or ‘false’ by writing T/F against them.**

A convex lens has a divergent action and a concave lens has a convergent action.

True

False

**State whether the following statement are ‘true’ or ‘false’ by writing T/F against them.**

A concave lens, if kept at a proper distance from an object, can form its real image.

True

False

**State whether the following statements\ are ‘true’ or ‘false’ by writing T/F against them.**

A ray of light incident parallel to the principal axis of a lens, passes undeviated after refraction.

True

False

**State whether the following statement are ‘true’ or ‘false’ by writing T/F against them.**

A ray of light incident at the optical centre of lens, passes undeviated after refraction

True

False

**State whether the following statement are ‘true’ or ‘false’ by writing T/F against them.**

A concave lens forms a magnified or diminished image depending on the distance of object from it.

True

False

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (B) [Page 121]

For an object placed at distance 20 cm in front of a convex lens, the image is at distance 20 cm behind the lens. The focal length of convex lens is:

20 cm

10 cm

15 cm

40 cm

For the object placed between optical centre and focus of a convex lens, the image is:

Real and enlarged

Real and diminished

Virtual and enlarged

Virtual and diminished.

A concave lens forms the image of an object which is:

Virtual, inverted and diminished

Virtual, upright and diminished

Virtual, inverted and enlarged

Virtual, upright and enlarged

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (C) [Page 126]

State the sign convention to measure the distances for a lens.

The focal length of a lens is (i) positive, (ii) negative.

In each case, state the kind of lens.

Write the lens formula explaining the meaning of the symbols used.

What do you understand by the term magnification? Write expression for it for a lens, explaining the meaning of the symbols used.

What information about the nature of image (i) real or virtual, (ii) erect or inverted, do you get from the sign of magnification + or - ?

Define the term power of a lens. In what unit is it expressed?

How is the power of a lens related to its focal length?

How does the power of a lens change is its focal length is doubled?

How is the sign (+ Or -) of power of a lens related to its divergent or convergent action?

The power of a lens is negative. State whether it is convex or concave?

Which lens has more power: a thick lens or a thin lens?

Describe how you would determine the focal length of a converging lens, using a plane mirror and one pin. Draw a ray diagram to illustrate your answer.

State two applications of a convex lens.

State two applications a concave lens .

How will you differentiate between a convex and a concave lens by looking at (i) a distant object, (ii) a printed page?

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (B) [Page 126]

If the magnification produced by a lens is - 0.5, the correct statement is :

The lens is concave

The image is virtual

The image is magnified

The images is real and diminished formed by a convex

The correct lens formula is

`1/"u" + 1/"v" = 1/"f"`

`1/"u" - 1/"v" = 1/"f"`

`1/"v" - 1/"u" = 1/"f"`

f = `("u + v")/"uv"`

On reducing the focal length of a lens, its power :

Decreases

Increases

Does not change

First increases then decreases.

The power of a lens is + 1.0 D is :

convex of focal length 1.0 cm

convex of focal length 1.0 m

concave of focal length 1.0 cm

concave of focal length 1.0 m

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (C) [Pages 126 - 127]

At what position a candle of length 3 cm be placed in front of a convex lens so that its image of length 6 cm be obtained on a screen placed at distance 30 cm behind the lens?

What is the focal length of lens in part (a)?

A concave lens forms the image of an object kept at a distance 20 cm in front of it, at a distance 10 cm on the side of the object.

What is the nature of the image?

Find the focal length of the lens.

The focal length of a convex lens is 25 cm. At what distance from the optical centre of the lens an object be placed to obtain a virtual image of twice the size?

Where should an object be placed in front of a convex lens of focal length 0.12 m to obtain a real image of size three times the size of the object, on the screen?

An illuminated object lies at a distance 1.0 m from a screen. A convex lens is used to form the image of object on a screen placed at distance 75 cm from the lens . Find: (i) the focal length of lens, and (ii) the magnification.

A lens forms the image of an object placed at a distance 15 cm from it, at a distance 60 cm in front of it. Find :

the focal length,

A lens forms the image of an object placed at a distance 15 cm from it, at a distance 60 cm in front of it. Find : the magnification.

A lens forms the image of an object placed at a distance 15 cm from it, at a distance 60 cm in front of it. Find : the nature of image.

A lens forms the image of an object placed at a distance of 45 cm from it on a screen placed at a distance 90 cm on other side of it. Find the name the kind of lens.

A lens forms the image of an object placed at a distance of 45 cm from it on a screen placed at a distance 90 cm on other side of it. find: (i) the focal length of lens, (ii) the magnification of image.

An object is placed at a distance of 20 cm in front of a concave lens of focal length 20 cm. find : the position of image.

An object is placed at a distance of 20 cm in front of a concave lens of focal length 20 cm. find: the magnification of image.

A convex lens forms an inverted image of size same as that of the object which is placed at a distance 60 cm in front of the lens. Find: The position of image

A convex lens forms an inverted image of size same as that of the object which is placed at a distance 60 cm in front of the lens. Find : The focal length of the lens

A concave lens forms an erect image of 1/3^{rd}size of the object which is placed at a distance 30 cm in front of the lens. Find : The position of image

A concave lens forms an erect image of 1/3^{rd}size of the object which is placed at a distance 30 cm in front of the lens. Find: The focal length of the lens.

The power of a lens is +2.0 D. Find its focal length and state what kind of lens it is?

Express the power (with sign) of a concave lens of focal length 20 cm.

The focal length of a convex lens is 25 cm. Express its power with sign.

The power of a lens is -2.0 D. Find its focal length and its kind.

The magnification by a lens is -3. Name the lens and state how are u and v related?

The magnification by a lens is +0.5. Name the lens and state how are u and v related?

A concave lens is a focal length 30 cm. Find the position and magnification (m) of image for an object placed in front of it at distance 30 cm.State whether the image is real on virtual?

Find the position and magnification of the image of an object placed at distance of 8.0 cm in front of a convex lens of focal length 10.0 cm. Is the image erect or inverted?

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (D) [Pages 131 - 132]

What is magnifying glass? State its two uses.

Draw a neat labelled ray diagram to show the formation of image by a magnifying glass. State three characteristics of the image.

Where is the object placed in reference to the principal focus of a magnifying glass, so as to see its enlarged image? Where is the image obtained?

Define magnifying power of a simple microscope. How can it be increased?

State two applications each of a convex lens and concave lens.

Describe in brief how would you determine the approximate focal length of a convex lens.

The following diagram shows the experimental set up for the determination of focal length of a lens using a plane mirror.

(i) draw two rays from the point O of the object to show the formation of image I at O itself.

(ii) What is the size of the image I?

(iii)State two more characteristics of the image I.

(iv) Name the distance of the objects O from the optical centre of the lens.

(v) To what point will the rays return if the mirror is moved away from the lens by a distance equal to the focal length of the lens ?

Describe how you would determine the focal length of a converging lens, using plane mirror and one pin. Draw a ray diagram to illustrate your answer.

How will you differentiate between a convex and a concave lens by looking at a distant object.

How will you differentiate between a convex and a concave lens by looking at a printed page?

### Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE Chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens Exercise 5 (D) [Page 132]

A magnifying glass forms :

A real and diminished image

A real and magnified image

A virtual and magnified image

A virtual and diminished image

The maximum magnifying power of a convex lens of focal length 5 cm can be:

25

10

1

6

## Chapter 5: Refraction through a Lens

## Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 5 - Refraction through a Lens

Selina solutions for Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 5 (Refraction through a Lens) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in Concise Physics Class 10 ICSE chapter 5 Refraction through a Lens are Magnification Due to Spherical Lenses, Lens, Action of a Lens as a Set of Prisms, Spherical Lens, Refraction of Light Through the Equiconvex Lens and Equiconcave Lens, Guideline for Image Formation Due to Refraction Through a Convex and Concave Lens, Formation of Image by Reflection: Real and Virtual Image, Images Formed by Sperical Lenses, Concave Lens, Images Formed Due to Refraction Through a Concave Lens, Convex Lens, Images Formed Due to Refraction Through a Convex Lens, Differentiation Between Concave and Convex Lens, Sign Convention for Spherical Lenses, Lens Formula, Power of a Lens, Magnifying Glass Or Simple Microscope, Experimental Determination of Focal Length of Convex Lens.

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