Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary EducationSSLC (English Medium) Class 10th

The North Indian Mountains - The Trans-Himalayas

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The Trans-Himalayas:

The Trans-Himalayan ranges

  • It is located north of the great Himalayan mountain range.
  • It is located on the Tibetan plateau and in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It is also referred to as the Tibetan Himalayas due to Tibet's great geographic expanse.
  • Trans-Himalayas is a 1,600-kilometre-long mountain range in China, India, and Nepal, extending in a west-east direction parallel to the main Himalayan range called the Zanskar range.
  • The Trans-Himalayas is about 225 km wide in the center and around 40 km wide at its eastern and westernmost points.
  • The Tethys sediments are present there. The Tertiary granite that underlies the rocks in this area is marine deposits holding fossils. It is the center of the Himalayan axis and contains sediments that have partially undergone a metamorphosis.
  • The Zaskar, Ladakh, Kailash, and Karakoram mountain ranges are the most notable Trans-Himalayan ranges.
  • In the extreme north of the nation is the Karakoram range. The second-highest mountain in the world is K2.
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