# ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 1 - Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps [Latest edition]

## Chapter 1: Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps

Very Short QuestionsShort QuestionsLong QuestionsTopography
Very Short Questions

### ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps Very Short Questions

Very Short Questions | Q 1

What is a Flat land?

Very Short Questions | Q 2

What do you understand by the term Grid?

Very Short Questions | Q 3

What are ‘National Grid Reference’?

Very Short Questions | Q 4

Describe the importance of colours on the toposheet?

Very Short Questions | Q 5

What do you understand by a causeway?

Very Short Questions | Q 6

What is a Fire line?

Very Short Questions | Q 7

What is a River system.

Very Short Questions | Q 8

How is the importance of settlement reflected in a map?

Short Questions

### ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps Short Questions

Short Questions | Q 1

What is a “Topographical Map”?

Short Questions | Q 2

What is a scale?

Short Questions | Q 3

What are the three methods of indicating scale on maps?

Short Questions | Q 4

Convert the following scales into R.F.

Short Questions | Q 5

Convert the following R.F., into scales.

Short Questions | Q 6

What do you mean by ‘Marginal Information’?

Short Questions | Q 7

Why are directions on a map important?

Short Questions | Q 8

Mention the methods by which directions are located.

Short Questions | Q 9

How the compass direction of an object, feature or place given from the given point?

Short Questions | Q 10

Calculate the average gradient along the two stations A and B, if the horizontal distance between them is 1,200 metres and the vertical difference in height is 240 metres.

Short Questions | Q 11

What is a Watershed?

Short Questions | Q 12

What are ‘Eastings’ and ‘Northings’?

Short Questions | Q 13

The area is measured by grid square method?

Short Questions | Q 14

Which colours are used on toposheets? What is their significance?

Short Questions | Q 15

What is a Nodal centre?

Long Questions

### ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps Long Questions

Long Questions | Q 1

In what ways is the scale represented on a map?

Long Questions | Q 2

The distance is measured on the topographic map. There are two methods of measuring distance on the toposheets,

(i) Direct-method,

(ii) Indirect method.

Measuring straight distance is a direct method and measuring through a winding course is an indirect method. Explain both the methods.

Long Questions | Q 3

What is Concave Slope and Convex Slope? Explain?

Long Questions | Q 4

(i) On a topographical map two stations A and B are situated at height of 500 metres and 100 metres respectively. If the horizontal distance between them is 2 km, calculate the gradient.
(ii) On a topographical map, two places A and B are given. Calculate the gradient between them.

Long Questions | Q 5

(i) What is the importance of a Relief Map.

(ii) How can we show occupations by the evidences of names or by inference of relief features?

Long Questions | Q 6

Mention the important features of a river valley.

Long Questions | Q 7

Show the different drainage patterns.

Long Questions | Q 8

How to find four-figure and six-figure grid reference?

Long Questions | Q 9

Name the various types of settlement patterns found on toposheet.

Long Questions | Q 10

Give the meanings of the important terms used in toposheets.

Long Questions | Q 11

What are Bench Marks?

Long Questions | Q 12

Give a summary of dimension and scale of topographical maps.

Topography

### ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps Topography

Topography | Q 1

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a)
(i) Give the four figure grid reference of the settlement of Hamirpura.
(ii) Give the six figure grid reference of the temple in the settlement of Jolpur.

(b)
(i) What does the blue coloured circle in the grid square 0619 represent?
(ii) What is the compass direction of Dantrai from Jolpur?

(c) What is the difference between the:
(i) Pattern of settlements in 0725 and the settlement of Idarla?
(ii) Drainage pattern of the streams in 0624 and those in 0824?

(d)
(i) What is the value of the contour line in square 0226?
(ii) What is the contour interval in the map?

(e) Mention any two factors which provide evidence that the region in the map extract is a rural region.

(f)
(i) How does the feature, indicated by the black curves in 0721, show that rainfall in this region is seasonal?
(ii) Mention one man-made feature in the map which also provides evidence that the rainfall is seasonal.

(g)
(i) Name two natural features in 0527.
(ii) Name two manmade features in 0325.

(h) Name two features which make Dantrai a more important settlement than the other settlements in the map extract.

(i) Calculate the area of the region which lies to the south of northing 21 in square kilometres.

(j)  What are the following?

(i) The black vertical line between eastings 09 and 10.
(ii) 302 in grid square 0425.

Topography | Q 2

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) Name and give the four figure grid reference of a settlement where the people of the region meet at least once a year.

(b) What does the conventional symbol at grid reference 145132 mean?

(c)
If a man were to walk from Gulabganj (1820) to Harmatiya (1916):
(i) In which direction would he be walking?
(ii) Which are the two different kinds of roads that he would be using?

(d)
What do the following numbers in grid square 1718 and 1818 mean?
(i) 280 (ii) 281

(e) What are the two differences between the settlement Bamba in 1914 and those in 1813?

(f) Name four facilities that Anadra has which makes it an important settlement

(g) What is the quickest means of communication for the people of Dabani (1313)?

(h) What do the following mean:
(i) Brackish in 1915 (ii) Causeway in 1715 (iii) 6r in 1218?

(i) Mention two factors which support the following:
(i) The Sipu river is in its middle course
(ii) The rainfall in the region shown in the map extract is seasonal.

(j) What is the distance in kilometres between the distance stone 20 in 1818 and the causeway in 1715 along the metalled road?

Topography | Q 3

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) the brick kiln
(ii) the temple near Asav.

(b) What is the difference in the pattern of drainage in grid square 0916 and in 0712?

(c) Give the four figure grid reference of each of the following:
(i) Stony waste
(ii) Open scrub.

(d) Calculate the distance in kilometres along the metalled road between the causeways in grid square 0512 and 0808.

(e) (i) What do the tiny curved black lines in grid square 0315 indicate?
(ii) What is the main cause for this feature?

(f) (i) What is the geographical name that you would give to the general pattern of settlements in the region shown on the map?

(g) What is the general direction of flow of the Sipu Nadi, given in the map extract? Give a reason to support your answer.

(h) Name two probable occupations of the people in the settlement of Revdar in grid square 0313 and 0413.

(i) What kind of roads connect (i) Marol with Mitan and (ii) Revdar with Karaunti respectively?

(j) Give two reasons to show that the area depicted in the map experiences seasonal rainfall.

Topography | Q 4

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the four figure grid reference of a settlement with
(i) Spot height 261 (ii) Post office.

(b) What is the difference in the pattern of drainage in grid square 1606 and in 1007?

(c) Name two natural features seen in grid square 0910.

(d) Calculate the distance in kilometers along the metalled road from the causeway East of Was to the distance stone 10.

(e)
(i) Which is a universally accepted scale?
(ii) State the length of the given map in kilometers.

(f) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) A temple South of Dhavli settlement
(ii)    277.

(g) Which are the two different kind of roads shown in the map extract?

(h) Mention two main occupations shown on the map extract.

(i) How are the gentle and steep slopes shown on a map?

(j) What do the following mean?

(k) What is the direction of Dattani and Dhavli from Chandela?

(l) Name two man made features in grid square 1210.

(m) What do the words Motorable in dry season in grid square 1701 refer to?
What do they indicate about the rainfall received by the region shown in the map extract?

Topography | Q 5

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) What is the compass direction of Sunset Point from the settlement of Anadra?

(b) What is the pattern of drainage in grid square 2315?

(c) Mention any two features seen in the map extract which indicate that the region has seasonal rainfall.

(d) Calculate the distance, in kilometers along the metalled road from the causeway in grid square 1715 to the distance stone marked 20 in grid square 1818.

(e) What advantage does a Representative Fraction have over a verbal scale?

(f) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) Anjini Devi ka Mandir
(ii) D 1327.

(g) Name the three different kinds of roads in grid square 2411 and the one in grid square 2515.

(h) Mention two occupations of the people living in the northern part of the region in the map extract. Give reasons to support your answer.

(i) What is the difference between the slope in grid square 2115 and the one in 1811. Give a reason for your answer.

(j) What is the purpose of:
(i) the fireline in grid square 2316.
(ii) the pipeline in grid square 2209?

(k) What do the following represent?
(i) The red square in grid square 2514.
(ii) 4r in grid square 1612,

(l) Abu is a popular holiday resort. Mention any three features seen in the map extract which attract holiday makers to Abu.

Topography | Q 6

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) The temple in village Dhavli
(ii) ∆ 480

(b) What do the following indicate?
(i) 6r in grid square 1903
(ii) The word Brackish in grid square 1403.

(c)
(i) In grid square 1909, several contours merge at one point. What does this represent?
(ii) State the significance of the red dotted lines in the map extract.

(d) Name the type of rainfall experienced in the region shown in the map extract. Give a reason to support your answer.

(e) How does the drainage pattern in grid square 1606 differ from the drainage pattern in grid square 1708?

(f)
(i) What is the pattern of settlement in grid square 1904?
(ii) Name the settlement that has a post office.

(g) Name two landforms represented by the pattern of contours in grid square 1608.

(h) Calculate the ground distance in kilometres along the metalled road between the causeway in 1502 and the distance stone marked ’14’ in grid square 1203.

(i) State two reasons for the absence of human habitation in the north eastern region of the map extract.

(j)
(i) Mention the difference in height between the highest spot height in the map extract and the contour height in grid square 1006.
(ii) What is the compass direction of Patlawa ka Goliya (590.) from Kacholi Dunga (443.)?

Topography | Q 7

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) Triangulated height 217
(ii) A lined well near Chekhla.

(b)
(i) Name the left bank tributary of the main river.
(ii) State the direction in which this left bank tributary is flowing.

(c)
(i) Mention a special feature associated with the streams in grid square 9879.
(ii) Name the types of drainage pattern found in grid square 9382.

(d) Give the four grid reference of each of the following:
(i) Open scrub

(e) Name two relief features that can be seen in grid square 9782 and 9574.

(f) Why do you find limited cultivation in the map extract?

(g) What is the compass direction of Antroli (9576) and Chekhla (9281) from Sangla?

(h) What type of rainfall is experienced in the region shown in the map extract? Justify your answer giving one reason.

(i) Calculate the distance in kilometres along the cart track between Chitrasani (999747) and Pirojpura (978753).

(j)
(i) What is the geographical name that you would give to the general pattern of settlements in the region shown on the map?
(ii) Name one region shown on the map which is unsuitable for the cultivation of crops.

Topography | Q 8

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

(a)
Give the six figure grid reference of:
(i) Triangulated height 307.
(ii) The spot height 196.

(b)
Give the four figure grid reference of each of the following:
(i) The confluence of the Sipu River and the Mahadeviyo Nala.
(ii) Sheet rock.

(c) Measure the shortest distance in kilometres between the temple in, grid square 8192, and the perennial lined well at Bhakodar 8188.

(d)
What do the following represent?
(i) Black curved lines in 7788.
(ii) The blue line in the bed of the Sipu River.

(e)
(i) What is the general pattern of settlements in the region shown on the map?

(f) Which is the chief form of irrigation shown in the map extract? Why is it necessary?

(g)
(i) What is the main form of transport in this region?

(h)
(i) What is the compass direction of Dantiwada, 8582, fromBhadli Kotha, 7886?
(ii) What is the general direction of flow of the Arado. N?

(i)
(i) Name the type of drainage pattern found in grid square 8584.
(ii) What do you mean by 25r in grid square 8286?

(j)
(i) What is meant by ‘R.F.’?
(ii) What is the R.F. shown on this map extract?

Topography | Q 9

Answer the following questions on the Survey Sheet Number 45 D/10. Eastings 00 to 10; Northings 17 to 28. (Map G)

(a) Give four-figure grid references of the following:
(i) Dhad Talao (ii) Sheet rock in the North-east
(iii) Rock outcrop in the North (iv) Stony waste in the South-east
(v) Open scrub south of Dhad Talao

(b) Give the six-figure grid references of the following:
(i) Police Chowki in village Dantral
(ii) Temple in Bhamra village
(iii) Well with water in settlement Devka
(iv) Spot height 310 near village Jolpur
(v) Tank near Indaria settlement

(c) Give-the direction of the following:
(i) Village Dantral (0324) from Dhann (0723)
(ii) Village Bhamra (0521) from Dhann (0723)
(iii) Village Jolpur (0718) from Malawa (0519)
(iv) Village Warka (0716) from Bikanwas (0316)
(v) Village Rampura (0617) from Dhann (0723)

(d) Give the meanings of the following:
(i) 15r in blue in grid square 0224.
(ii) 300 in brown in grid square 0426.
(iii) Black line in the northernmost part of the map.
(iv) Red line in grid square 0819.
(v) Black dots in grid square 0617.

(e) Give the settlement patterns of the following:
(i) Village Dhann (ii) In grid square 0220

(f) Measure the distances of the following:
(i) Direct distance in km. from Indaria (0826) to Jolpur (0718)
(ii) Indirect distance in km. along the cart track from Dantral (0324) to Dhann (0723)

(g) Give the drainage patterns of the following:
(i) 0827 (ii) In grid square 0226

(h) Name three man-made features found in grid square 0419 and draw their symbols.

(i) Give two evidences that the region gets seasonal rainfall.

(j) Explain the nature of the river.

(k) Explain the relief of the area.

(l) What is the general slope of the land? Give reason for your answer.

(m) What is the main occupation of the people? Give reason for your answer.

(n) What is the mode of irrigation? Give reasons for your answer.

(o) What is the mode of transport? Give reasons for your answer.

Topography | Q 10

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions: (Map G)

(a) Give the four-figure grid reference of:

(b) Which is the largest settlement shown on the map extract? Which one communication facility is exclusively available to this settlement?

(c) What does RF stand for? State the RF of the map provided to you.

(d) What is the total area of the actual ground represented in the map extract? (Show with the help of a simple calculation)

(e) What is meant by ‘contour interval’? State the contour interval of the toposheet provided to you

(f) State the highest and the lowest spot heights found on the map extract. Also mention whether they are in metres or in feet.

(g) Give the six-figure grid reference of:
(i) Spot height 339 (ii) Permanent hut located near Dhad Talao.

(h) What, according to you is the main (i) occupation, and (ii) religion of the people of the above area?

(i) Name one ‘natural’ and one ‘man-made’ source of irrigation used in this region.

(j) Name the general mode of transportation used in this region. What special feature of this mode is mentioned in the map extract?

Topography | Q 11

Answer the following questions on the Survey Sheet Number 45 D/7.

(a) Give six figure grid references of the following:
(i) ∆ 364 (ii) The temple at Rampura

(b) Mention any two features seen in the map extract which show that the region has seasonal rainfall

(c) Calculate the distance in kilometres along the cart-track linking Juvol (923826) and Amiwada (944817).

(d) Which is the chief form of irrigation shown in the map extract? Give an evidence to justify your answer.

(e) Give one reason to explain why the streams in grid square 9478 do not join a river. Identify another grid square in the map extract that has similar streams.

(f) What do the following represent:
(i) Black broken lines in 9575 (ii) Black curved lines in 9879.

(g) Identity two landforms shown by the contours in grid square 9876.

(h) (i) What is the general direction of the Balram Nadi?
(ii) Which bank of the main river does the Balram Nadi join?

(i) What is the main occupation of the people living in the area shown in the map extract? Give one reason to support your answer.

(j) What is meant by scale of a map? What is the scale of the map extract provided to you?

Topography | Q 12

Study the extract of Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45D/7 and answer the following questions.

(a) What do you understand by Eastings and Northings?

(b) Give the meaning of each of the following conventional symbols located in the grid square 1622.
(i) 20r (ii) PO

(c) What is the general direction of flow of the Sipu Nadi, given in the map extract? Give one reason to support your answer.

(d) Give the six-figure grid reference of:
(i) The point where the canal leaves the earth work, dam market 10r.
(ii) The spot height 1425 in the South-east corner of the map extract.

(e) Andhra is a better developed settlement than Gulabganj. Give two reasons.

(f) Account for the necessity of ‘fireline’ in the jungle area of the given map extract.

(g)
(i) What main purpose is solved by most of the wells in grid square 1621?
(ii) Why is the water in some of these wells not suitable for drinking?

(h) Name two probable occupations of the people in the settlement of Tokra in squares 2220 and 2221.

(i) What is the total length of canal in metres?

(j) Give the angular distance of the temple in Pithapura in 2022 from Bhumi Margi hill top.

Topography | Q 13

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45 D/7 (A – B) and answer the following questions:

(a) (i) What does the abbreviation R. F., stand for?
(ii) What does 20r (grid sq. 8295) mean.
(iii) What does V near Shergadh village in the south-east corner mean.

(b)
(i) What type of relief do you observe in north-west of the map (West Panswala)?
(ii) Why is the land shown in white shade not put to cultivation?

(c)
(i) What seems to be the importance of village Jegol in grid sq. 8590 in the south?
(ii) Find out the length of the joint stream of rivers Sipu, Varka and Hanva.

(d) What type of relief feature is found close to Varkanala and Hanvanala near Gangudra in the centre of the area?

(e) Give four figure grid reference of a well marked meander of Varkanala and Sipu river.

(f)
(i) What does the black line marked 24°30′ in the north denote.
(ii) What is the meaning of 72°20′ north-south black line in the western part of the map?
(iii) What do the figures 280, 300, 500 etc., written in brown on east margin of the map indicate.

(g)
(i) Point out two man-made features on the map.
(ii) What is the direction of the river Sipu 83 C 86 grid lines?
(iii) What is the grid reference (four figures) of the lime kiln located near Rampura village in the north-west?

Topography | Q 14

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45 D/7 (A and B) and answer the following questions.

(a) Give the six figure grid reference of
(i) ∆ 277 (→) (ii) Lime kiln near Rampura (→) (iii) Stony waste (→).

(b) (i) What does the blue line in the Sipu river indicate?
(ii) In which village do you see the nodal function 7 What do you mean by this?

(c) (i) What does the black lines along the streams in the grid square 9199 indicate?
(ii) How are these features formed?
(iii) What type of region is shown in grid square 8696?

(d) Give the six-figure grid reference of the following:
(i) Lime Kiln near village Panswala.
(ii) Well with water near village Gonodara.
(iii) Dry tank near village Mohudi Moti.

(e) (i) What is the direction of the flow of Sipu river?
(ii) State why does it flow in this particular direction?

(f) Mention three natural features in the grid square 8998.
(g)
(i) What is the meaning of the term open scrub printed on the map.
(ii) How do you get an idea of the general nature of the slope in this area?

Topography | Q 15

Study the extract of the Survey of India Map Sheet No. 45D/7 and answer the following questions:

(a) Give the six-figure grid reference of:
(i) ∆ 225 (ii) A lined well near Ganguwada.

(b) Name the most important perennial source of irrigation shown on the map extract.

(c) (i) What does 3r in the grid square 8895 mean?
(ii) What do you mean by 20r in the grid square 8994?

(d) Give two points in evidence to show that the region in the map extract has seasonal rainfall.

(e) (i) What does the blue line in the Varkanala indicate?
(ii) What is the general direction of the Varkanala?

f) (i) What is the meaning of 1 : 50000 printed below the map extract?
(ii) Calculate the distance in km., along the cart track between Jegal in the grid square 8590 and Odhava in the grid square 8892.

(g) Which part of the map is more developed in agricultural occupation? Give a reason for your answer.

(h) Give the four-figure grid reference of confluence of Sipu river and Varkanala.

(i) Name two types of vegetation in the given map extract.

(j) What is the pattern of drainage in the grid square 8599?

(k) (i) How many types of tracks are shown in the map extract? Name them.
(ii) What is the common mode of transportation in the southern part of this map?

(l) What is the general pattern of settlement? Why?

## Chapter 1: Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps

Very Short QuestionsShort QuestionsLong QuestionsTopography

## ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 1 - Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps

ICSE solutions for ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 1 (Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE ICSE Class 10 Geography solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

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Concepts covered in ICSE Class 10 Geography chapter 1 Map Study: Interpretation and Topographical Maps are Concept of Interpretation of Topographical Maps, Locating Features, Contour, Topographical Survey, Types of Scale, Eight Cardinal Points, Identification of Drainage, Identification of Natural and Man-made Features.

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