Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:
But even in a poverty-free world where every man and woman would earn enough to take care of themselves and their family, there would still be situations of temporary poverty due to a sudden catastrophe or misfortune, a bankruptcy or business downturn leading to failure, or some personal disease or disaster.
A poverty-free world might see a whole group of families, locations, or even regions devastated by some shared disasters, such as floods, tire, cyclones, riots, earthquakes or
other disasters. But such temporary problems could be taken care of by the market mechanism through insurance and other self-paying programmes, assisted of course by social-consciousness-driven enterprises.
There would always remain differences in lifestyle between people at the bottom of society and those at the top income levels. Yet that difference would be the difference between the middle-class and luxury class, just as on trains in Europe today you have only first-class and second-class carriages, whereas in the nineteenth century there were third- class and even fourth-class carriages - sometimes with no windows and just hay strewn on the floor.
Can we really create a poverty-free world? A world without third-class or fourth-class citizens, a world without a hungry, illiterate, barefoot under-class?
(1) What is the extract about?
(2) How will the poverty-free world take care of natural disasters?
(3) According to the writer, what would, 'the world without poverty' be like?
(4) What can we do to help the poor in our society?
(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed:
(i) Temporary problems could be taken care of by market mechanisms.
(Rewrite the sentence beginning with 'Market mechanism ........ ')
(ii) In the nineteenth century, there were third-class carriages.
(Form a Wh-question to get the underlined part as an answer.)
(iii) There would still be situations of temporary poverty.
(Rewrite it using 'can'.)
( 6) What do the following words in the extract mean -
(1) The extract is about imagining a world without poverty or a poverty-free world.
(2) A poverty-free world with the help of market mechanism through insurance and other self-paying
programmes, assisted of course by social-consciousness driven enterprises can take good care of people against natural disasters.
(3) According to the writer, 'the world without poverty' will be like where every man & woman would earn enough to take care of themselves & their family, save people from natural disasters, where no people can be hungry, illiterate and barefoot under-class.
(4) We can help the poor or needy people in our community in several ways. They are:
- By providing them with education for free.
- Better understanding & creating awareness in people.
- By donating our old belongings.
- By creating a group of volunteers or with the help of some NGO.
- By donating eatables, groceries & by organising collection drives with the help of people.
- By fund raising, personal financial help & so on.
(i) The market mechanism can take care of temporary problems.
(ii) Which century noticed the third-class carriages?
(iii) There can still be situations of temporary poverty.
(i) Destroyed or damaged due to disasters.
(ii) grass cut and dried for use as fodder