Classification of Carbohydrates

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  • Classification of carbohydrates
  • On the basis of hydrolysis
  1. Simple carbohydrates
    i) Monosaccharides: Aldoses and Ketoses
  2. Complex carbohydrates
    i) Oligosaccharides: Disaccharides, Trisaccharides, Tetrasaccharides
    ii) Polysaccharides: Homopoly-saccharides and Heteropoly-saccharides
  • On the basis of solubility
  1. Sugars: Reducing and Non-reducing sugars
  2. Non-sugars


  1. Monosaccharides
    a) Classification of monosaccharides
    i) On the basis of nature of carbonyl group: Aldoses, ketoses
    ii) On the basis of ring form: Pyranoses, Furanoses
    iii) On the basis of carbon atom: Trioses (3C), Tetroses (4C), Pentoses (5C), Hexoses (6C), Heptoses (7C)
    b) Function of monosaccharides
  2. Oligosaccharides
    a) Classification of oligosaccharides
    i) Disaccharides
    ii) Trisaccharides
    b) Function of oligosaccharides
  3. Polysaccharides
    a) Classification of polysaccharides
    i) Homopolymer
    ii) Heteropolymer
    b) Functions of polysaccharides
    c) Structural polysaccharides
    d) Glycosidic bond of polysaccharides
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Biomolecules part 3 (Classification) [00:08:30]
Series: series 1

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