#### Topics

##### Number Systems

##### Real Numbers

##### Algebra

##### Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

- Linear Equation in Two Variables
- Graphical Method of Solution of a Pair of Linear Equations
- Substitution Method
- Elimination Method
- Cross - Multiplication Method
- Equations Reducible to a Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- Consistency of Pair of Linear Equations
- Inconsistency of Pair of Linear Equations
- Algebraic Conditions for Number of Solutions
- Simple Situational Problems
- Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
- Relation Between Co-efficient

##### Arithmetic Progressions

##### Quadratic Equations

- Quadratic Equations
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Factorization
- Solutions of Quadratic Equations by Completing the Square
- Nature of Roots of a Quadratic Equation
- Relationship Between Discriminant and Nature of Roots
- Situational Problems Based on Quadratic Equations Related to Day to Day Activities to Be Incorporated
- Application of Quadratic Equation

##### Polynomials

##### Geometry

##### Circles

- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles
- Tangent to a Circle
- Number of Tangents from a Point on a Circle
- Concept of Circle - Centre, Radius, Diameter, Arc, Sector, Chord, Segment, Semicircle, Circumference, Interior and Exterior, Concentric Circles

##### Triangles

- Similar Figures
- Similarity of Triangles
- Basic Proportionality Theorem (Thales Theorem)
- Criteria for Similarity of Triangles
- Areas of Similar Triangles
- Right-angled Triangles and Pythagoras Property
- Similarity of Triangles
- Application of Pythagoras Theorem in Acute Angle and Obtuse Angle
- Triangles Examples and Solutions
- Angle Bisector
- Similarity of Triangles
- Ratio of Sides of Triangle

##### Constructions

- Division of a Line Segment
- Construction of Tangents to a Circle
- Constructions Examples and Solutions

##### Trigonometry

##### Heights and Distances

##### Trigonometric Identities

##### Introduction to Trigonometry

- Trigonometry
- Trigonometry
- Trigonometric Ratios
- Trigonometric Ratios and Its Reciprocal
- Trigonometric Ratios of Some Special Angles
- Trigonometric Ratios of Complementary Angles
- Trigonometric Identities
- Proof of Existence
- Relationships Between the Ratios

##### Statistics and Probability

##### Probability

##### Statistics

##### Coordinate Geometry

##### Lines (In Two-dimensions)

##### Mensuration

##### Areas Related to Circles

- Perimeter and Area of a Circle - A Review
- Areas of Sector and Segment of a Circle
- Areas of Combinations of Plane Figures
- Circumference of a Circle
- Area of Circle

##### Surface Areas and Volumes

- Concept of Surface Area, Volume, and Capacity
- Surface Area of a Combination of Solids
- Volume of a Combination of Solids
- Conversion of Solid from One Shape to Another
- Frustum of a Cone
- Concept of Surface Area, Volume, and Capacity
- Surface Area and Volume of Different Combination of Solid Figures
- Surface Area and Volume of Three Dimensional Figures

##### Internal Assessment

## Notes

In general, a real number α is called a root of the quadratic equation `ax^2 + bx + c = 0, a ≠ 0` if `aα^2 + bα + c = 0`. We also say that x = α is a solution of the quadratic equation, or that α satisfies the quadratic equation. Note that the zeroes of the quadratic polynomial `ax^2 + bx + c=0` and the roots of the quadratic equation `ax^2 + bx + c = 0` are the same.

By substituting arbitrary values for the variable and deciding the roots of quadratic equation is a time consuming process. Let us learn to use factorisation method to find the roots of the given quadratic equation.

`x^2 - 4 x - 5 = (x - 5) (x + 1)`

`(x - 5) and (x + 1)` are two linear factors of quadratic polynomial `x^2 - 4 x - 5.`

So the quadratic equation obtained from `x^2 - 4 x - 5` can be written as `(x - 5) (x + 1) = 0`

`x - 5 = 0 or x + 1 = 0`

∴`x = 5 or x = -1`

∴5 and the -1 are the roots of the given quadratic equation.

While solving the equation first we obtained the linear factors. So we call this method as ’factorization method’ of solving quadratic equation

Ex.(1) `m^2 - 14 m + 13 = 0`

∴`m^2 - 13 m - 1m + 13 = 0`

∴`m (m - 13) -1 (m - 13) = 0`

∴`(m - 13) (m - 1) = 0`

∴`m - 13 = 0 or m - 1 = 0`

∴`m = 13 or m = 1`

∴13 and 1 are the roots of the given quadratic equation.