SSC (English Medium) 10th Standard Board Exam - Maharashtra State Board Important Questions for English

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Read the following extract and complete the table given below about 'Types of Diseases':

         Health is defined as not simply the absence of disease. It involves a state of feeling well, both in body and in mind. 

      The diseases may be classified into the following types, Some diseases are present at birth. They are called congenital diseases. They may develop during pregnancy or are inherited, Some of them may be caused by environmental factors. Examples of congenital diseases are Down's syndrome, sickle cell anaemia, cystic fibrosis, haemophilia, etc.

      Some diseases are acquired by humans themselves and hence are called Self-Inflicted or Acquired diseases. Examples of acquired diseases are coronary heart diseases, hypertension.

      Some diseases are transmitted from one person to another. They are called as Communicable or Infectious diseases. They are caused by biological agents, Examples of communicable diseases are Cholera, Typhoid, Measles, Malaria, etc.

      Non- communicable diseases are caused by exogenous factors like physical, chemical, nutritional deficiencies. The examples are Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets, etc.  

                                                Title

Sr.No. Types  Causes

Examples

1. Congenital

o

develop during pregnancy

o environmental factors 

 
2. Self-Inflicted Acquired   Coronary heart disease. hypertension
3.   By biological agents Cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria
4.  Non-communicable diseases   Kwashiorkor, Pellagra, Scurvy, and Rickets
Appears in 4 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Writing Skill
Concept: Information Transfer

Rewrite the following sentences replacing ‘as soon as’ by ‘No sooner than’

As soon as the thief escaped, the family informed the police.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Use ‘As Soon As’, ‘either ... or’ and ‘No Sooner ... Than’

Form two present participle in which the last letter is doubled.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Tense

Pick out the gerund from the following sentence:

The attitude of taking destroys families.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Parts of Speech > Verb

Change the following sentences into indirect speech:

Robert asked, “Joan. how old are you?” “I am 13 years old,” she replied.

Appears in 3 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Direct-Indirect Speech

Read the following poem and write an appreciation of it with the help of the given points in a paragraph format: 

All the World’s a Stage

All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.
Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress’ eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths and breaded like the pard,
Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon’s mouth. And then the justice,
In fair round belly with good capon lined,
With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws and modern instances;
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,
With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;
His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,
Turning again toward childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound. The last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and more oblivion,
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

- William Shakespeare

Points:

  1. The title and the poet of the poem   (01)
  2. Rhyme scheme   (01)
  3. Figures of speech   (01)
  4. Central Idea/Theme   (02)
Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.013999999999999999] All the World’s a Stage
Concept: All the World’s a Stage

Read the following passage and do the activities.

A1. Complete the following statements with the help of the passage: (02)

  1. The heaviness of being successful was replaced ______.
  2. The technology we developed at Next ______.

My second story is about love and loss. I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz (Steve Wozniak) and I started Apple when I was 20. In 10 years, Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company. And then I got fired. It was devastating.

But something slowly began to dawn on me – I still loved what I had did. And so, I decided to start over.

The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company Next, a company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar is now the world’s most successful animation studio, bought Apple next. I returned to Apple and the technology we developed at Next is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.

A2. The writer Steve Jobs gives the readers some advice for life, list at least two of the important advices given by him in the passage: (02)

  1. ______
  2. ______

A3. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words given below:  (02)

(devastating, renaissance, current, creative)

  1. The invention of the internet has brought about a __________ in communication.
  2. We should read the newspaper to keep ourselves updated on the _________ affairs.
  3. The earthquake had a ____________ effect on the life of the people.
  4. The Art teacher is very ___________,she always comes up with new ideas.

A4. Do as directed:  (02)

  1. Pixar is the world’s most successful animation studio.
    (Rewrite the sentence in Positive degree)
  2. Don’t lose faith.
    (Rewrite as an Assertive sentence)

A5. What does the second story of Jobs convey to you? (02)

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.023] Connecting the Dots
Concept: Connecting the Dots

Read the following passage carefully and complete the activities:

B1. State True or False:     (02)

  1. On the eighty-fifth day, the old man succeeds in hooking a salmon with his bait.
  2. Mandolin was his apprentice.
  3. The old man hardly had any experience in fishing.
  4. During the First World War, the old man had worked with the Red Cross.

An old and experienced Cuban fisherman has a run of terrible bad luck and is unable to catch any fish for eighty-four days. His young and devoted apprentice, Manolin, has been forced by his parents to start working with another fisherman. The old man resolves to sail out farther than all the other fishermen and attempt to catch the really big fish. On the eighty-fifth day, he succeeds in hooking a marlin with his bait but the marlin is too strong for him and starts pulling the boat. ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ is the story of the old man’s struggle with the marlin and his later battle against sharks.

Social/Historical context:

Hemingway’s novel is based on real events and it also draws heavily on his own life. He had the experience of fishing in the Cuban waters and like the old man he was also a fan of baseball. He worked for the Red Cross during the First World War and was injured by shrapnel when he was in Italy. Hemingway always talks about the need to struggle against defeat or death and how determination and endurance can help one to win this struggle The old man is at the end of the novel very near death, but we know that the story of his suffering and loss will live on in the memories of the people of his village. Ultimately his story becomes one of triumph because the tales of his life will on even after his death.

B2. Complete the following bubbles with the help of the passage: (02)

B3. Make meaningful sentences of your own using the below-given words or phrases: (02)

  1. devoted
  2. to be forced by.

B4. Do as directed: (02)

  1. He is unable to catch any fish for eighty-four days.
    (Pick the infinitive in the sentence)
  2. Hemingway always talks about the need to struggle against defeat or death.
    (Rewrite the sentence as a Negative sentence, without changing its meaning)

B5. Would you prefer to read a book or see a film based on the book? Give reasons for your answer: (02)

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.045] The Old Man and the Sea : Book Review
Concept: The Old Man and the Sea : Book Review

Say whether the following sentence is Assertive (Statements), Imperative (Commands, Requests, etc.), Interrogative (Questions), or Exclamatory (Exclamations).

How utterly we have failed our children!

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Types of Sentences

Say whether the following sentence is Assertive (Statements), Imperative (Commands, Requests, etc.), Interrogative (Questions), or Exclamatory (Exclamations).

How utterly we have failed our children!

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Types of Sentences

Spot the error in the following sentence and rewrite it:

When I took the note, I saw it were still wet from the nights rain.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Spotting Errors

Write any 2 compound words of your own.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Vocabulary > Compound Words

Write a word register of 8 words related to:

‘Music’.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Vocabulary > Register

Change the voice:

Anil had already made the tea.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Change the Voice

Make two sentences by using the given word as a noun and as a verb:

dream

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Parts of Speech

Spot the error in the given sentence and rewrite it:

The doctors give him two and half years to live.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Spotting Errors

Make a word register of four words related to 'Art'.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.05] Grammar
Concept: Vocabulary > Register

Read the following extract and rewrite it from the point of view of Roma : 
[You may begin with: Herman and I shared the backseat of Sid's car. .... ]
We piled back into Sid's car, Roma and I sharing the backseat. As European Jews who had survived the war, we were aware that much had been left unsaid between us. She broached the subject, "Where were you during the war?" she asked softly
"The camps," I said, the terrible memories still vivid, the irreparable loss, I had tried to forget. But you can never forget.
She nodded, "My family was hiding on a farm in Germany, not far from Berlin," She told me. "My father knew a priest, and he got us Aryan papers."
I imagined how she must have suffered too, fear, a constant companion. And yet here we were both survivors, in a new world.
"There was a camp next to the farm." Roma continued. "I saw a boy there and I would throw him apples every day."
What an amazing coincidence that she had helped some other boy. "What did he look like?" I asked.
"He was tall, skinny and hungry. I must have seen him every day for six months. "
My heart was racing. I couldn't believe it. This couldn't be. "Did he tell you one day not to come back because he was leaving Schlieben?".
Roma looked at me in amazement. "Yes!"
"That was me!"
I was ready to burst with joy and awe, flooded with emotions. I couldn't believe it! My angel.
"I'm not letting you go," I said to Roma. 
I proposed to her. I didn't want to wait.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Writing Skill
Concept: Narration

Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper highlighting in it the importance of cleanliness and the need for public participation in the cleanliness drive in your district

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Writing Skill
Concept: Letter Writing

Narrate an experience in about 80-100 words with the following ending. Give a suitable title:

………. I promise myself to work hard in order to achieve success.

Appears in 2 question papers
Chapter: [0.06] Writing Skill
Concept: Narration
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