Maharashtra State BoardHSC Commerce 12th Board Exam
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Read the Following Extract and Answer the Questions Given Below: - English

Answer in Brief

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below:

There are some glimmers of hope. I met up young Navdeep. Ahuja who along with another colleague began the innocuously named Graduates Welfare Association, Fazilka. They are bringing about change with the mandate of citizens' participation in governance and are facilitating the creation of physical and social infrastructure across 22 cities in Punjab. They have put in place a network of cycle rickshaws called Eco-cabs which can be booked through a mobile phone. They are also developing car tree zones, food and culture streets in these cities. All this is being done very efficiently and at a low cost. We need many such organizations. However, my idea of a city in 2020 is not a utopian dream. It is achievable. It has streets where people walk on wide footpaths shaded by leafy trees. Streets are usually one-third of a city's area and its most democratic segment. Public space dedicated to pedestrians reduces inequality and should be accorded priority when developing cities. Adjoining the streets should be cycle lanes where bicycles and, rickshaws can sail past smoothly. It'll have a great public transport system with buses, metro and taxis. Parking will be difficult and expensive so people will use public transport rather than cars. There will be parks and gardens and the air will be clean, as pollution levels will have dropped dramatically. And then cities will become areas of graceful living and a charmed way of life.

(1) What is the extract about?

(2) What will happen when parking becomes difficult and expensive?

(3) How has Graduates Welfare Association brought about changes in some cities?

(4) What efforts will you take to make your city a livable place?

(5) Rewrite the following sentences in the ways instructed :
(i) We need many such organizations.
(Frame a ' Wh-question' to get the underlined part as an answer.)
(ii) It reduces inequality.
(Rewrite it using the Present Perfect Tense.)
(iii) The air will be clean, as pollution levels will. have dropped dramatically.
(Rewrite it using 'unless')

(6) Find out the words from the extract which mean:
(i) co-worker
(ii) small signs

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Solution

(1) So the extract is about the changing cities and their lifestyle in the near future with the help of proper planning and participation of the citizens.
 
(2) Parking will be difficult and expensive so people will use public transport rather than cars. There will be parks and gardens and the air will be clean, as pollution levels will have dropped dramatically. And then cities will become areas of graceful living and a charming way of life. 
 
(3) Graduates Welfare Association are bringing about change with the mandate of citizens’ participation in governance and is facilitating the creation of physical and social infrastructure across 22 cities in Punjab. They have a put in place a network of cycle rickshaws called Eco-cabs which can be booked through a mobile phone. They are also developing car-free zones, foods and culture streets in these cities.
 
(4) Cities need proper planning and participation of individual citizens, as they need to understand their responsibility in order to make the city a livable place. Today, we are going through the problem of waste management in cities and I would like to contribute a waste management plan such as proper dumping of household and industrial waste as this can help us in creating fertilizers for the crops and if not done correctly this waste contributes to pollution and environmental corrosion.
 
(5) 
(i) What do we need?
(ii) It has reduced inequality.
(iii) Unless the air will be clean pollution levels will not have dropped dramatically.

(6)
(i) Co - worker - Colleague
(ii) Smallsigns- Glimmers
Concept: Reading Skill
  Is there an error in this question or solution?
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