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Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse chapter 8 - The circulatory system [Latest edition]

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Concise Biology Class 10 Icse - Shaalaa.com

Chapter 8: The circulatory system

Multiple choice typeVery short answer typeShort answer typeLong answer typeStructured/Application/Skill type

Multiple choice type [Page 109]

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse Chapter 8 The circulatory system Multiple choice type [Page 109]

Multiple choice type | Q 1 | Page 109

Agranulocytes are :

  • lymphocytes and monocytes

  • lymphocytes and basophils

  • eosinophils and basophils

  • eosinophils and monocytes

Multiple choice type | Q 2 | Page 109

White blood cells engulf bacteria in a process called :

  • diapedesis

  • phagocytosis

  • active transport

  • passive transport

Multiple choice type | Q 3 | Page 109

The nearest organ to which the heart supplies oxygenated blood is:

  • Lung

  • Stomach

  • Intestine

  • Heart itself

Multiple choice type | Q 4 | Page 109

When a doctor is recording your pulse, he is pressing on your wrist exactly on a

  • vein

  • capillary

  • artery

  • arteriole

Multiple choice type | Q 5 | Page 109

The blood vessel supplying blood to the kidney is the

  • renal vein

  • renal artery

  • dorsal aorta

  • hepatic vein

Multiple choice type | Q 6 | Page 109

Angina pectoris is due to

  • defective nutrition

  • chest pain due to inadequate supply of oxygen to the heart muscle

  • defective functioning of mitral valve

  • infection by a virus

Multiple choice type | Q 7 | Page 109

The chief function of lymph nodes is to

  • produce WBCs

  • produce hormones

  • destroy old RBCs

  • destroy pathogens

Multiple choice type | Q 8 | Page 109

Heart sounds are produced due to

  • closure of tricuspid and bicuspid valves

  • rushing of blood through valves producing turbulence

  • closure of atrioventricular and semilunar valves

  • entry of blood into auricles

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Very short answer type [Pages 109 - 110]

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse Chapter 8 The circulatory system Very short answer type [Pages 109 - 110]

Very short answer type | Q 1.1 | Page 109

Given below is certain structure, write the term for the functional activity.
Blood platelets and …………………………….

Very short answer type | Q 1.2 | Page 109

Given below is certain structure, write the term for the functional activity.

Neutrophils and …………………………………..

Very short answer type | Q 1.3 | Page 109

Given below is certain structure, write the term for the functional activity.

Erythrocytes and …………………………………

Very short answer type | Q 1.4 | Page 109

Given below is certain structure, write the term for the functional activity.

Lymphocytes and ………………………………...

Very short answer type | Q 1.5 | Page 109

Given below is certain structure, write the term for the functional activity.

Bone marrow and ………………………………..

Very short answer type | Q 2.1 | Page 109

Name the following:
The cells which transport oxygen to the different parts of the human body.

Very short answer type | Q 2.2 | Page 109

Name the following:

The cells that initiate blood clotting.

Very short answer type | Q 3.01 | Page 110

Name the following:

Any one vein which starts from an organ and ends in another organ besides the heart.

Very short answer type | Q 3.02 | Page 110

Name the following:

The kind of blood vessels which have no muscular walls.

Very short answer type | Q 3.03 | Page 110

Name the following:

An artery which carries impure (deoxygenated) blood.

Very short answer type | Q 3.04 | Page 110

Name the following:

The kind of blood cells which can squeeze out through the walls of one category of blood
vessels.

Very short answer type | Q 3.05 | Page 110

Name the following:

The smallest common blood vessels formed by the union of capillaries.

Very short answer type | Q 3.06 | Page 110

Name the following:

The blood vessels which start from capillaries and end in capillaries.

Very short answer type | Q 3.07 | Page 110

Name the following:

The phase of the cardiac cycle in which the auricles contract.

Very short answer type | Q 3.08 | Page 110

Name the following:

The valve present in between the chambers on the right side of the human heart.

Very short answer type | Q 3.09 | Page 110

Name the following:

The phase of the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles get filled with blood from the atrium.

Very short answer type | Q 3.1 | Page 110

Name the following:

The fluid found between the membranes of the heart.

Very short answer type | Q 4.1 | Page 110

Complete the following statement by filling in the blank from the choices given in the bracket.

The blood vessels that begins and ends in capillaries is the ………………. 

  • hepatic artery

  • hepatic portal vein

  • hepatic vein

Very short answer type | Q 4.2 | Page 110

Complete the following statement by filling in the blank from the choices given in the bracket.

A blood vessels which has small lumen and thick wall is …………………. 

  • capillary

  • lymphatic duct

  • artery

  • venule

Very short answer type | Q 4.3 | Page 110

Complete the following statement by filling in the blank from the choices given in the bracket.

The valve which prevents back flow of blood in the veins and lymph vessels ………………

  • mitral valve

  • tricuspid valve

  • semilunar valve

Very short answer type | Q 4.4 | Page 110

Complete the following statement by filling in the blank from the choices given in the brackets.

An anticoagulant present in the blood is ………….(heparin, hirudin, thromboplastin, calcium).

  • heparin

  • hirudin

  • thromboplastin

  • calcium

Very short answer type | Q 5.1 | Page 110

Note the relationship between the first two words and suggest the suitable word/ word for the
fourth place:

Lubb: Atrioventricualr valves :: dup: …………………

Very short answer type | Q 5.2 | Page 110

Note the relationship between the first two words and suggest the suitable word/ word for the
fourth place:

Coronary artery: Heart :: Hepatic artery : ……………

Very short answer type | Q 6 | Page 110

Give reason, why a matured mammalian erythrocyte lacks nucleus and mitochondria?

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Short answer type [Page 110]

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse Chapter 8 The circulatory system Short answer type [Page 110]

Short answer type | Q 1 | Page 110

Enumerate the structural differences between white blood cells and red blood cells.

Short answer type | Q 2 | Page 110

Why is it necessary to know the blood groups before giving transfusion?

Short answer type | Q 3.1 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pair with reference to phrase in bracket:

Antibodies and antibiotics (Source)

Short answer type | Q 3.2 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pair with reference to phrase in bracket:

RBC and WBC (structure)

Short answer type | Q 3.3 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pair with reference to phrase in bracket:

serum and vaccine (Composition)

Short answer type | Q 3.4 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pairs with reference to the aspect asked
within bracket:

Erythrocytes and leucocytes (function)

Short answer type | Q 3.5 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pairs with reference to the aspect asked within bracket:

Artery and vein (direction of blood flow)

Short answer type | Q 3.6 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pairs with reference to the aspect asked within bracket: 

artery and vein (type of blood primarily flowing through) 

Short answer type | Q 3.7 | Page 110

Differentiate between members of the following pairs with reference to the aspect asked within bracket:

Tricuspid and bicuspid values (location)

Short answer type | Q 4 | Page 110

What does the term “double circulation” mean?

Short answer type | Q 5 | Page 110

When are the sounds “LUBB” and “DUP” produced respectively during heart beat?

Short answer type | Q 6 | Page 110

Why do people have a common belief that the heart is located on the left side of the chest?

Short answer type | Q 7 | Page 110

Match the items in Column ‘A’ with those in column ‘B’ Rewrite the correct matching pairs.

Column A Column B
SA node Plasma
Defective hemoglobin in RBC Serum
Muscle fibres located in the heart Pacemaker
The liquid squeezed out of blood
during clotting
Sickle cell anemia
Never tires, keep on contracting and
relaxing
Purkinje fibres
Cardiac cycle Cardiac muscles
Liquid part of the blood without
corpuscles
0.85 sec
Short answer type | Q 8 | Page 110

The table below is designed to indicate the transport of certain substance in our body. Fill in the
blanks with suitable answers.

Substance From To
  Lungs Whole body
Carbon dioxide    
Urea    
Digested
carbohydrates
Intestines  
    Target organs
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Long answer type [Page 111]

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse Chapter 8 The circulatory system Long answer type [Page 111]

Long answer type | Q 1 | Page 111

What are the functions of blood plasma?

Long answer type | Q 2 | Page 111

What are the main steps in coagulation of blood?

Long answer type | Q 3.1 | Page 111

What is Rh factor?

Long answer type | Q 3.2 | Page 111

What is Universal donor?

Long answer type | Q 3.3 | Page 111

What is Diapedesis?

Long answer type | Q 4 | Page 111

Is it possible for the blood to clot under the skin? Give reason in support of your answer.

Long answer type | Q 5 | Page 111

State any five functions of the blood.

Long answer type | Q 6.1 | Page 111

What is Endothelium?

Long answer type | Q 6.2 | Page 111

what is Lymph nodes?

Long answer type | Q 6.3 | Page 111

what is Venule?

Long answer type | Q 6.4 | Page 111

What is diastole?

Long answer type | Q 7 | Page 111

Describe the structural differences between an artery and a vein.

Long answer type | Q 8.1 | Page 111

What is the function of tonsils?

Long answer type | Q 8.2 | Page 111

What is the function of spleen?

Long answer type | Q 9.1 | Page 111

How do you account for the following difference?

The left ventricle has thicker walls than the right ventricle.

Long answer type | Q 9.2 | Page 111

How do you account for the following difference?

The walls of the right ventricle are thicker than those of the right auricle.

Long answer type | Q 10.1 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

The walls of the left ventricle are thicker than the walls of all other chambers.

Long answer type | Q 10.2 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

Blood flowing away from the stomach and intestines is put into circulation via the liver and
not directly.

Long answer type | Q 10.3 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

The blood groups of both the donor and recipient must be known before transfusing blood.

Long answer type | Q 10.4 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

Only the veins and not the arteries are provided with valves.

Long answer type | Q 10.5 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

Atrial wall is less muscular than the ventricular wall.

Long answer type | Q 10.6 | Page 111

Give reason for the following:

The arteries are deep seated in the body

Long answer type | Q 11 | Page 111

What is meant by the term 'double circulation' of blood in mammals? What is diastole?

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Structured/Application/Skill type [Pages 111 - 112]

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse Chapter 8 The circulatory system Structured/Application/Skill type [Pages 111 - 112]

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 1.1 | Page 111

Given below is a diagram of a smear of human blood. Study the same and answer the question that follow:

Name the parts 1, 2, 3 and 4 indicated by guidelines.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 1.2 | Page 111

Given below is a diagram of a smear of human blood. Study the same and answer the question that follow:

Mention two structural differences between the parts labeled 1 and 2.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 1.3 | Page 111

Given below is a diagram of a smear of human blood. Study the same and answer the question that follow:

What is the main function of the parts labeled 1, 2 and 3 respectively?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 1.4 | Page 111

Given below is a diagram of a smear of human blood. Study the same and answer the question that follow:

What is the life span of the part labeled "1"?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 1.5 | Page 111

Given below is a diagram of a smear of human blood. Study the same and answer the question that follow:

Name a soluble protein found in "4" which helps in clotting of blood.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 2.1 | Page 111

Given below is a highly schematic diagram of the human blood circulatory sytem.

Which part (state the number) represents the heart? Give reason in support of your answer.


Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 2.2 | Page 111

Given below is a highly schematic diagram of the human blood circulatory system.

Which numbers represent the following respectively?

Aorta

Hepatic portal vein

Pulmonary artery

Superior vena cava

Renal vein

Stomach

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 3.1 | Page 111

The diagram below shows part of the capillary bed in an organ of the human body. Some of the
blood arriving at the capillaries at points labelled A, moves out into the spaces between the tissue
cells. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:

When the liquid from the blood surrounds the cells, what is it called?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 3.2 | Page 111

The diagram below shows part of the capillary bed in an organ of the human body. Some of the blood arriving at the capillaries at points labeled A, moves out into the spaces between the tissue cells. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:

Name any one important component of the blood which remains inside the capillaries and fails to move out into the spaces.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 3.3 | Page 111

The diagram below shows part of the capillary bed in an organ of the human body. Some of the blood arriving at the capillaries at points labeled A, moves out into the spaces between the tissue cells. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:

Some of the liquid surrounding the cells does not pass directly back into the blood but eventually reaches it by another route through vessel X. name the fluid present in vessel X.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 3.3 | Page 111

The diagram below shows part of the capillary bed in an organ of the human body. Some of the blood arriving at the capillaries at points labeled A, moves out into the spaces between the tissue cells. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow:

State two important functions performed in our body by the fluid present in vessel X.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 4.1 | Page 112

The following simplified diagram refers to the outline plan of the circulation of blood in a mammal. Study the diagram and write the number and the name of the blood vessel in each case as mentioned ahead.

Several hours after a meal containing a lot of protein, which vessel will contain the highest concentration of urea? 

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 4.2 | Page 112

The following simplified diagram refers to the outline plan of the circulation of blood in a mammal. Study the diagram and write the number and name of the blood vessel in each case as mentioned ahead.

Which vessel would contain the highest concentration of amino acids and glucose soon after a meal?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 5 | Page 112

The figures given below show diagrammatic cross sections of three kinds of blood vessels.

(a) Identify the blood vessels A, B and C

(b) Name the parts labelled 1-4

(c) Mention two structural differences between A and B.

(d) Name the kinds of blood that flow through A and through B respectively.

(e) In which one of the above vessels referred to in (a) above does the exchange of gases actually
take plave?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 6.1 | Page 112

The diagram given alongside represents the human heart in one phase of its activity. Study the same and then answer the question that follow:

Name the phase.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 6.2 | Page 112

The diagram given below represents the human heart in one phase of its activity. Study the same and then answer the question that follow:

Which part of the heart is contracting in this phase? Give a reason to support your answer.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 6.3 | Page 112

The diagram given below represents the human heart in one phase of its activity. Study the same and then answer the question that follow:

Name the parts numbered 1 to 6.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 6.4 | Page 112

The diagram given below represents the human heart in one phase of its activity. Study the same and then answer the question that follow:

What type of blood flows through the parts marked '1' and '2'?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 6.5 | Page 112

The diagram given below represents the human heart in one phase of its activity. Study the same and then answer the question that follow:

How many valves are closed in this phase?

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 7.1 | Page 112

Study the following diagram carefully and then answer the question that follow:

Name the cell labelled 1.


Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 7.2 | Page 112

Study the following diagram carefully and then answer the question that follow:

Identify the phenomenon occurring in A.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 7.3 | Page 112

Study the following diagram carefully and then answer the question that follow:

Mention two structural differences between 1 and 2.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 7.4 | Page 112

Study the following diagram carefully and then answer the question that follow :

Name the process occurring in B and C and state the importance of this process in the human body.

Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 8.1 | Page 112

Given below is a diagrammatic representation of certain types of blood vessels in human body.

Identify the types of blood vessels numbered 1 to 5.


Structured/Application/Skill type | Q 8.2 | Page 112

Given below is a diagrammatic representation of certain types of blood vessels in human body.

Where can such an arrangement be found as an example - in lungs or in heart walls?

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Chapter 8: The circulatory system

Multiple choice typeVery short answer typeShort answer typeLong answer typeStructured/Application/Skill type
Concise Biology Class 10 Icse - Shaalaa.com

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse chapter 8 - The circulatory system

Selina solutions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse chapter 8 (The circulatory system) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any. Shaalaa.com has the CISCE Concise Biology Class 10 Icse solutions in a manner that help students grasp basic concepts better and faster.

Further, we at Shaalaa.com provide such solutions so that students can prepare for written exams. Selina textbook solutions can be a core help for self-study and acts as a perfect self-help guidance for students.

Concepts covered in Concise Biology Class 10 Icse chapter 8 The circulatory system are Circulation of Blood as Double Circulation., Concept of Blood Pressure Heartbeat, Pulse, Blood Vessels, Lymphatic Organs, Types of Blood Groups (A, B, AB, O), Hepatic Portal System, Concept of Systole and Diastole, Increase in Efficiency of Mammalian Red Blood Cells Due to Absence of Certain Organelles, Concept of Circulatory System, Composition of Blood, Circulation of Blood, Lymph (Tissue Fluid), Coagulation of Blood, Structure and Working of the Heart.

Using Selina Class 10 solutions The circulatory system exercise by students are an easy way to prepare for the exams, as they involve solutions arranged chapter-wise also page wise. The questions involved in Selina Solutions are important questions that can be asked in the final exam. Maximum students of CISCE Class 10 prefer Selina Textbook Solutions to score more in exam.

Get the free view of chapter 8 The circulatory system Class 10 extra questions for Concise Biology Class 10 Icse and can use Shaalaa.com to keep it handy for your exam preparation

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