Commerce (English Medium) Class 12 - CBSE Important Questions for Psychology

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Psychology
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Explain briefly the multiple intelligences identified by Gardner ?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Jasleen is high on critical thinking and can manipulate symbols to solve numerical problems. She is also high on the ability to understand one’s own feelings, motives, and desires. Which of the following intelligence is displayed by Jasleen?

  1. Spatial
  2. Logical-mathematical
  3. Interpersonal
  4. Intrapersonal
Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Assertion (A): The situation and circumstances in which one is placed influence one’s behaviour.

Reason (R): The situational influences are so powerful that individuals with similar personality traits respond to them in almost the same ways.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Individual Differences in Human Functioning

Kirti is of average intelligence but is high in their ability to appraise, express, and regulate her emotions. Identify the intelligence that she exhibits and why it is receiving so much attention these days. Suggest some ways to enhance this kind of intelligence of students in schools.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Emotional Intelligence

Explain the role of assessment in understanding psychological attributes.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Assessment of Psychological Attributes

Describe the key features of any two methods used for psychological assessment.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Assessment of Psychological Attributes

Explain the term intelligence.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Intelligence

Describe the PASS model of intelligence.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Read the case and answer the question that follows.

Alfred Binet, in 1905, was requested by the French government to devise a method by which students who experienced difficulty in school could be identified. Binet and his colleague, Theodore Simon, began developing questions that focused on areas not explicitly taught in schools those days, such as memory, and attention skills related to problem-solving. Using these questions, Binet determined which were ones that served as the best predictors of school success.

Binet quickly realized that some children were able to answer more advanced questions than older children were generally able to answer and vice versa. Based on this observation, Binet suggested the concept of mental age, or a measure of intelligence based on the average abilities of children of a certain age group. This first intelligence test is referred to as the Binet-Simon Scale. He insisted that intelligence is influenced by many factors, it changes over time, and it can only be compared in children with similar backgrounds.

Identify the approach on which the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale is based. Discuss its features.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Read the case and answer the question that follows.

Alfred Binet, in 1905, was requested by the French government to devise a method by which students who experienced difficulty in school could be identified. Binet and his colleague, Theodore Simon, began developing questions that focused on areas not explicitly taught in schools those days, such as memory, and attention skills related to problem-solving. Using these questions, Binet determined which were ones that served as the best predictors of school success.

Binet quickly realized that some children were able to answer more advanced questions than older children were generally able to answer and vice versa. Based on this observation, Binet suggested the concept of mental age, or a measure of intelligence based on the average abilities of children of a certain age group. This first intelligence test is referred to as the Binet-Simon Scale. He insisted that intelligence is influenced by many factors, it changes over time, and it can only be compared in children with similar backgrounds.

‘Binet quickly realized that some children were able to answer more advanced questions than older children were generally able to answer and vice versa’. Why do individuals differ in intelligence? Using examples, give reasons for your answer.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Individual Differences in Intelligence

Monika has to be assessed for her abilities of creativity and original thinking. The test to be used by the psychologist will involve the following:

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Creativity

Formal assessment is objective, standardized and organized. Based on this information, choose the statements which are true for formal assessment.

  1. Formal assessment uses systematic testing procedures.
  2. It is always open to subjective interpretations.
  3. Based on the assessment, predictions about behavior can be made.
  4. It varies from case to case and from one assessor to another.
Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Assessment of Psychological Attributes

How did Charles Spearman explain the concept of intelligence?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

State the importance of Emotional Intelligence.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Emotional Intelligence

The phenomena of student-teacher interaction in a classroom can be easily studied by psychologists. Critically evaluate the assessment method that will be used here.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Assessment of Psychological Attributes

Shamin is a spiritual leader who possesses a particular type of intelligence as explained by Howard Gardner. Identify the intelligence and give reasons for your answer.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Zarin is high in the ability to think analytically and performs well in academics. With respect to Sternberg's theory, which type of intelligence does Zarin possess? Explain this type of intelligence.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Theories of Intelligence

Kyna and Kyra are identical twins. They were separated early in childhood. Will they show similarities in their intellectual characteristics? Give reasons for your answer.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [1] Variations in Psychological Attributes
Concept: Individual Differences in Intelligence

What is the main proposition of humanistic approach to personality? What did Maslow mean by self-actualisation?

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [2] Self and Personality
Concept: Major Approaches to the Study of Personality

Ryan believes that he is very good at football. Therefore, he has a high ______ as far as sports are concerned.

Appears in 1 question paper
Chapter: [2] Self and Personality
Concept: Cognitive and Behavioural Aspects of Self
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