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Write the reactions for preparation of carbolic acid from aniline. - Chemistry

Answer in Brief

Write the reactions for the preparation of carbolic acid from aniline.

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Solution

Aniline is treated with nitrous acid [NaNO2 + HCl] at low temperature to obtain benzene diazonium chloride, which on hydrolysis gives carbolic acid (phenol).

Concept: Alcohols and Phenols
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SCERT Maharashtra Question Bank 12th Standard HSC Chemistry Maharashtra State Board 2021
Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Short Answer Questions (Type-II) | Q 6.1
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