State Newton’s third law of motion and give two examples to illustrate the law.
According to Newton’s third law of motion, whenever one body exerts a force on another body, the second body exerts an equal and opposite force on the first body.
(i) Jet airplanes utilize the principle of action and reaction. In the modern jet aircraft, the hot gases obtained by the rapid burning of fuel rush out of a jet from the rear end of the aircraft at a great speed. The equal and opposite reaction of the backward-heading gases pushes the aircraft forward at a great speed.
(ii) While rowing a boat, the boatman pushes the water backwards with the oars. The water exerts an equal and opposite push on the boat which makes the boat move forward. In fact, harder the boatman pushes back the water with the oars, greater is the reaction force exerted by water and faster moves the boat, in forward direction.
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