Types of Equality



  • Natural Equality
  • Civil Equality
  • Political Equality
  • Economic Equality
  • Social Equality


Types of Equality:

  • Natural Equality:

Natural equality considers all human beings equal. Natural equality does not mean nature has created all men equal in their abilities and qualities. But, it means that, individual should not be discriminated on the basis of their natural abilities and each one should get an opportunity for development of their individual personality.

  • Civil Equality:

Civil Rights are equally available to all people. There will be equality before law. People will not be discriminated on the basis of race, colour, caste, religion, gender, etc. It also means equal punishment for the same crime and equal protection of law.

  • Political Equality:

 Every citizen has an equal right to participate in the affairs of the State. This type of equality is possible only in a democracy. For Eg: Voting and contesting in elections.

  • Economic Equality:

Economic equality is the foundation of political equality. Economic inequality results into division of society. Economic equality means providing equal opportunity to all for one’s development; absence of economic exploitation; prevention of concentration of wealth and availability of essential goods and services to everyone.

Economic equality doesn’t imply-

  1. Equal distribution of wealth
  2. Equal income irrespective of nature of work
  3. Absolute equality in economic power

Economic equality implies-

  1. No concentration of wealth and income.
  2. No economic exploitation.
  3. Reduction of wide disparity of income.
  4. Reasonable opportunities to develop and progress.
  • Social Equality:

Social equality means there would be no distinction between people on the basis on caste, religion, race, occupation, gender, etc. It is expected that every section of the society contributes to the wellbeing of the society. We have to accept the dignity of labour in society. For Eg, Article 17. Abolition of Untouchability. -"Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of "Untouchability" shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.

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