Section I : Political Concepts
Liberty and Rights
Section II : Comparative Government and Politics
Equality and Justice
Section III : Public Administration
Section IV : International Relations
Concept of Representation
Role of the Judiciary
The World since 1945 - I
The World since 1945 - II
Concept of Liberty and Rights in the Constitution of India:
Part III of the Indian Constitution spells out the Fundamental Rights of Indian citizens. The constitution guarantees the following fundamental rights: Right to Equality Right to Freedom Right Against Exploitation Right to Freedom of Religion Cultural and Educational Rights Right to Constitutional Remedies.
The Constitution of India combines both, the concept of Positive and Negative Liberty. Article 19 of the constitution of India deals with different types of liberty while Article 21 spells out the limitations on liberty. According to Article 21, no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law. This article does not make any exception or pre-condition for attainment of liberty and thus gives individual freedom the status of human rights. Consequently, both Indian citizens and foreigners enjoy the Right to Life.