Principles and Functions of Management
Nature and Significance of Management
Principles of Management
Management and Business Environment
- Concept of Directing
- Importance of Directing
- Elements of Directing
- Concept of Supervision
- Function of a Supervisor
- Concept of Motivation
- Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
- Motivation - Financial and Non Financial Incentives
- Concept of Leadership
- Leadership - Styles
- Concept of Communication
- Formal and Informal Communication
- Barriers to Effective Communication
- How to Overcome the Barriers
- Principles of Directing
Business Finance and Marketing
- Concept of Financial Management
- Role and Objectives of Financial Management
- Financial decisions - investment
- Financial Decisions - Financing and Dividend
- Concept of Financial Planning
- Importance of Financial Planning
- Concept of Capital Structure
- Concept of Fixed and Working Capital
- Factors Affecting Fixed and Working Capital Requirements
- Concept of Marketing
- Concept of Selling
- Concept of Marketing Management
- Marketing Functions
- Marketing Management Philosophies
- Concept of Marketing Mix
- Elements of Marketing Mix
- Nature of Product
- Product - Branding
- Product - Labelling
- Product Mix - Packaging
- Concept of Price (Marketing)
- Factors Determining Price
- Concept of Physical Distribution
- Components of Physical Distribution
- Role of Physical Distribution
- Meaning of Channels of Distribution
- Types of Channels of Distribution
- Choice of Channels - Factors Determining
- Concept of Promotion (Marketing)
- Elements of Promotion Mix
- Role of Promotion (Marketing)
- Concept of Advertising (Marketing)
- Role of Advertising
- Objections Against Advertising
- Concept of Personal Selling
- Qualities of a Good Salesman
- Concept of Sales Promotion
- Techniques of Sales Promotion
- Concept of Public Relations
- Role of Public Relations
- Role of Marketing
- Concept of Consumer Protection
- Consumer Protection Act 1986 (COPRA)
- Meaning of Consumer
- Consumer Rights and Responsibilities
- Legal Redressal Machinery Under Consumer Protection Act 1986
- Remedies Available to the Consumer Under Consumer Protection Act 1986
- Consumer Awareness
- Role of Consumer Organizations and Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs)
- Legal Protection to Consumers
Product cost sets the lower limits of the price, the utility provided by the product and the intensity of demand of the buyers sets the upper limit. So, in case of inelastic demand, total revenue ______ when price increases.
Style and Fit, a footwear manufacturing company has decided to offer 50 % off on all its products due to the fall in demand of its products as more efficient substitutes have been introduced in the market. Identify the pricing objective included by the firm which has made the firm resort to discounting its product.
Explain 'Price' as an element of marketing-mix. Also, explain any four that affect the fixation of price of a product.
'Ganesh Steel Ltd.' is a large and credit-worthy company manufacturing steel for the Indian
market. It now wants to cater to the Asian market and decides to invest in new hi-tech machines. Since the investment is large, it requires long-term finance. It decides to raise funds by issuing equity shares. The issue of equity shares involves huge floatation cost. To meet the expenses of floatation cost the company decides to tap the money-market.
1) Name and explain the money-market instrument the company can use for the above purpose.
2) What is the duration for which the company can get funds through this instrument?
3) State any other purpose for which this instrument can be used.
Answer the following question:
After acquiring the necessary knowledge and skills on starting an Aloe vera Farm. Ashok wanted to be the leading manufacturer of Aloe vera products worldwide. He observed that the products were expensive as the demand of the products was more than supply. He was also keen to promote methods and practices that were economically visible, environmentally sound, and at the same time protecting public health.
Ashok's main consideration was about the amount of money paid by the consumers in consideration of the purchase of Aloe vera products. He also thought that competitors' prices and their anticipated reactions must also be considered for this.
After gathering and analysing information and doing correct marketing planning, he came to know that the consumers compare the value of a product to the value of money which they are required to pay. The consumers will be ready to buy a product when they perceived that the value of the product is at least equal to the value of money which they would pay.
Since he was entering into a new market, he felt that he may not be able to cover all costs. He knew that in the long run, the business will not be able to survive unless all costs are covered in addition to a minimum profit.
He examined the quality and features of the products of the competitors and the anticipated reactions of the consumers. Considering the same he decided to add some unique features to the packaging and also decided to provide free home delivery of the products.
The above case relates to a concept which is considered to be an effective competitive marketing weapon. In conditions of perfect competition, most of the firms compete with each other on this concept in the marketing of goods and services.
(1) Identify the concept.
(2) Explain briefly any four factors discussed in the above case related to the concept so identified.